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Second assumption is that fear of punishment will

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second assumption is that fear of punishment will deter others from committing similar crimes. The concept of deterrence emphasizes the criminal justice systems in most of the democratic societies. Specifically, in the United States, sentencing policy proposals have often been discussed with the goal of improving the deterrence effect. Under the motto of "getting tough on crime", policies such as "truth in sentencing", "mandatory minimums" and "three strikes and you’re out" have been deliberated to discourage offenders with the threat of extensive terms of imprisonment or huge fines (Wright; 2010). INCAPACITATION Incapacitation refers to the consequence of a sentence in order to positively prevent, rather than simply deterring, future offending.
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4 Imprisonment incapacitates the offenders by physically isolating them from the society in opposition to which they are said to have offended. Long terms of imprisonment with the motive to incapacitate are frequently used by criminal justice systems across the globe against habitual offenders who are recidivists. Incapacitation also emphasizes on offender’s potential to commit crimes in future. Instances of incapacitation involve three-strikes sentencing, back-to-back life sentences and other habitual offender laws. REHABILITATION Rehabilitation means to restore back someone’s normal life through regular therapy, education or medical treatment. This philosophy of criminal sentencing is based on the assumption that a person is not born criminal. So, the punishments should be decided in a manner that the punishment will make his or her reintegration to the society easier. An aim of rehabilitation is to avoid habitual offending, also called as criminal recidivism. In spite of
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