events important information andor traumatic events not due to ordinary

Events important information andor traumatic events

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events, important information and/or traumatic events not due to ordinary forgetting ●Cause clinical distress in normal life ●Not due to drugs or a medical condition ■Other Notes ●Study done with a small part of the US it affects about 1.5% of people ●About 1.6% of males and about 1.4% of females are affected ●Due to extreme stress or trauma ●70% of affected people attempt suicide ○Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder ■Criteria ●Persistent experiences of depersonalization and/or derealization
○Depersonalization ■Feelings of detachment , unreality, or being someone on the outside looking in with their feelings, thoughts, sensations, body, or actions ○Derealization ■Experiencing unreality or detachment to their surroundings ●Reality testing remains intact during these experiences ○No hallucinations of any sort ●Not caused by drugs or a medical condition ●Not better explained by a different mental disorder ■Other Notes ●Lifetime prevalence in about 2% of people ●Equal ratio between sexes ●Linked with traumas ●SOmatic Symptom and Related Disorders ○Somatic Symptom Disorder ■Criteria ●One or more somatic symptoms that cause issues in normal life
●Excessive feelings, thoughts, or behaviors related to the symptoms or associated health concerns ○Disproportionate and constant thoughts about the severity of the symptoms ○Persistent elevated anxiety levels about the symptoms/health ○Excessive energy/time dedicated to the symptoms or concerns of health ●Constantly symptomatic, even if one of the somatic symptoms doesn’t stick around, for at least 6 months ■Other Notes ●About 5%-7% of adults affected ●Mostly females ○Illness Anxiety Disorder ■Criteria ●Preoccupied with having/getting a serious disease ●Somatic symptoms are mild to none ●High level of anxiety about health and gets easily scared about personal health
●Performs constant health checks ●exhibits maladaptive avoidance ●Persistent for 6 months , feared illness may change during this time ●Not better explained by a different mental disorder ■Other Notes ●1 to 2 year prevalence in 1.3%-10% of adults ●Equal ratio ●May be caused by major stress in life ●Feeding and Eating Disorders ○Pica ■Criteria ●Constantly eating food with no nutritional value or nonfood items for at least a month ●Eating of the substances is inappropriate for the developmental level of the person ●Not a cultural or social norm ●If it occurs in the context of other mental illness/medical conditions, it’s extremely severe and needs attention ■Other Notes ●Unclear prevalence in general population
●Increases with severity in with an intellectual disability ○Anorexia Nervosa ■Criteria ●Restriction of food intake that leads to low body weight ●Extreme fear of gaining weight ●Disturbance in the way they view their body and severity of weight loss ■Other Notes ●0.4% of young females have it ●10 : 1 ratio with women having it more often ●Increased risk if a family member has it

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