The un wanted korea to have democratic elections in

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The U.N. wanted Korea to have democratic elections in the entire country. The North was communist, the South was democratic. The North Korean army launched a surprise attack on South Korea. South Korea asked the U.S. to intervene the U.N. sent forces to Korea and Truman moved American troops to Korea Why did the United Nations intervene in the situation in Korea? Feared the fall of South Korea would cause other Asian nations to become communist. How did the U.S.’s fear of communism lead them to support involvement in the Korean War? Americans supported use of military force against communists. Briefly explain how the Korean War was like a see-saw. The position of the opposing sides went back and forth during war. How did the Korean War end? Both sides agreed on cease-fire line where hostilities would stop to talk about peace. They created a demilitarized zone. North and South Korea signed armistice that ended fighting. Korea remained divided. What is the relationship like between North and South Korea today? They remain separate with soldiers form each side on guard along DMZ. People President Truman – didn’t want MacArthur to attack China because he thought the Soviet Union would come to war General MacArthur – believed total defeat of Communist Chinese was only way to achieve victory Events (Describe the event, its causes and effects) Landing of troops at Inchon - MacArthur surprised North Korean with an attack behind their lines Caused by South Koreans setting up small perimeter around Pusan Caused North Korean troops to retreat north
Module 6 Note Guides President Eisenhower – demonstrated ability as strong leader during WWII Chinese army becomes involved in the war - 300,000 Chinese troops moved south to assist North Korea Caused by U.N. troops under MacArthur closing toward Yalu River Caused U.S. to face two communist opponents MacArthur is fired - (4/1951) Truman relieved MacArthur of his command Caused by MacArthur wanting to invade China but Truman not allowing him too Caused public opinion to turn to support Truman Vocabulary (fill in effects from the lesson where possible or put the definition in your own words) 38th Parallel – international boundary between North Korea and South Korea in 1945 established at the end of World War II Amphibious – military operation that involves forces landed from the sea Cease-fire – a cessation of hostilities while a peace treaty is negotiated Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) – area where no military activity is permitted Domino theory – the theory that events that happen in one country will make them more likely to occur in neighboring countries Korean War – Cold War conflict between North Korea and South Korea that included the United States, Soviet Union, and China 6.05: The Cold War: The Big Ideas What were some effects of the nuclear arms race? Military bases, training centers, and weapon-testing facilities that opened in WWII expanded; new ones were built. U.S. air force selected Cape Canaveral, Florida as a site for testing rocket-powered missiles.

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