Decreased cardiac contractility Correct Answer: b. Decreased cardiac contractility Question 24 1 out of 1 points A 22-year-old pregnant female presents for a fetal echocardiogram. Tests reveal small left atrium and mitral valve and an absent left ventricle and aortic valve. The diagnosis is hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The nurse will anticipate that the treatment for this defect is: Selected Answer: a. An indication for neonatal heart transplant Correct Answer: a. An indication for neonatal heart transplant Question 25 1 out of 1 points A newborn is diagnosed with congenital heart disease. Which of the following intrauterine factors should the nurse focus on during the history that could have caused this disorder? Selected Answer: c. Viral infection Correct Answer: c. Viral infection Question 26 1 out of 1 points A 2-week-old infant presents with poor feeding, fatigue, dyspnea, and a
murmur. She is diagnosed with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). A nurse recalls this condition results in a(n): Selected Answer: c. Left-to-right shunt Correct Answer: c. Left-to-right shunt Question 27 1 out of 1 points A 1-month-old infant visits his primary care provider for a well-baby check. Physical exam reveals decreased cardiac output, hypotension, tachycardia, and a loud murmur suggestive of aortic stenosis. Which of the following would be expected with this diagnosis? Selected Answer: b. Ventricular hypertrophy Correct Answer: b. Ventricular hypertrophy Question 28 1 out of 1 points A 51-year-old male presents with recurrent chest pain on exertion. He is diagnosed with angina pectoris. When he asks what causes the pain, how should the nurse respond? The pain occurs when: Selected Answer: b. The myocardial oxygen supply has fallen below demand. Correct Answer: b. The myocardial oxygen supply has fallen below demand. Question 29 1 out of 1 points When a patient with left heart failure starts to have a cough and dyspnea, which principle should the nurse remember? Pulmonary symptoms, common to left heart failure, are a result of: Selected Answer: c. Pulmonary vascular congestion Correct Answer: c. Pulmonary vascular
congestion Question 30 1 out of 1 points An infant undergoes an echocardiogram for a suspected heart defect. Tests reveal an opening in the middle of the atrial septum. What term would the nurse use to describe this defect? Selected Answer: b. Ostium secundum ASD Correct Answer: b. Ostium secundum ASD Wednesday, December 27, 2017 9:59:15 PM EST
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence
- Cardiology, Tachycardia, acute myocardial infarction, stenosis