May be seen as wasteful to not deviate from schedule

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May be seen as wasteful to not deviate from schedule if something is worthy of one’s attention (7) Norms Concerning Waiting o Rules regarding waiting changes depending on situation and people involved (8) Temporal Orientation o Scale was developed that distinguished btwn 6 types of temporal frames (1) Past negative – pessimistic, negative, or aversive orientation toward the past (2) Past positive – warm, sentimental, nostalgic, and positive construction of past (3) Present hedonistic – hedonistic orientation attitude toward time and life (4) Present fatalistic – fatalistic, helpless, hopeless attitude toward future and life (5) Future – planning for & achievement of future goals, characteristic general future orientation (6) Future transcendental – orientation to future beyond one’s own death o Time perspective affects political, economic, personal, social, and other domains of society o Temporal perspective – extent that we are orientated toward the past, present, future (9) Pace of Life o Pace of life – frequency of events per unit of time, speed or tempo o Pace has consequences for physical, social, economic, and psychological well-being of people o Optimal pace requires flexibility and sensitivity to matching individual preferences to requirements of life Sensation and Perception
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Our sense can convert real-world information into electrical information that can be processed by the brain o Sensation – physical processing of environmental stimuli by sense organs Sense organs are engaging in transduction – conversion of 1 form of energy into another o Perception – psychological process of interpreting sensory information Allows you to identify things happening in the world around us Each sense organ requires minimal amount of stimulation in order to detect a stimulus o Absolute threshold – smallest amount of stimulation needed for detection by a sense Signal detection – method for studying ability to correctly identify sensory stimuli o Present stimuli of varying intensities to determine level that he or she can reliably detect stimulation o In a hearing test, a person will listen to increasingly louder tones to determine threshold of hearing Hit – correctly indicating that a sound was heard, Miss – failing to indicate there was a sound False alarm – indicating sound was heard when one wasn’t played Correct rejection – correctly identifying that a sound wasn’t place We have the ability to detect difference between 2 stimuli of different intensities o Differential threshold or just noticeable difference (JND) – smallest difference needed in order to differentiate 2 stimuli o Weber’s law – just noticeable difference is proportional to magnitude of internal stimulus Bottom-up processing – building up to perceptual experience from individual pieces Top-down processing – experience influences perception of stimuli o Stimuli that we’ve experiences in our past will influence how we process new ones When we experience a sensory stimulus that doesn’t change, we stop paying attention to it o Sensory adaptation
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