Humans dont have instincts to take the place of language Without is there is no

Humans dont have instincts to take the place of

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Humans don’t have instincts to take the place of language Without is there is no other form of communication People w/o language live in internal silence - Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective o Freud founded psychoanalysis - a technique for treating emotional problems through long term exploration of the subconscious mind. Id : Freud’s term for our inborn basic drives. (food, safety, sex, and etc.) Ego : Freud’s term for a balancing force between id and demands of society. Superego : Freud’s term for the conscience; the internalized norms and values of our social groups. - The differences between the “I” and “me” o I” (viewer) – Unpredictable, spontaneous, self-awareness “I” am doing the viewing of “Me” o “Me” (object) – Socially derived representation of society, conformity “Me” is the social creature that “I” am viewing Predictability Conformity
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Past “I’s” “Me” is the social creature that “I” am viewing - The looking-glass self o Charles Horton Kooley; our self is our interpretation of how others see us o We are socially created by interactions with others o Develop Self - Evaluate ourselves according to how we imagine others have judged us. - The “nature” vs. “nurture” argument o Nature - hereditary. o Nurture social interaction, environment o Sociobiology - Both nature and nurture - Cognitive development in social learning as outlined by Piaget o 1. Sensorimotor Stage (age 0 -2) - Reflex activity leading to understanding of unintentional responses. (Object Permanence and Stranger Anxiety) o 2. Pre-Operational Stage (age 2-7) - Verbalization representation moves from egoistic to social, language, symbols, imagination. (Pretend Play, Egocentrism, Language Development) o 3. Concrete Operational Stage (age 7 - 12) - Evidence for organized logical thought, understand time, space, numbers, size, speed. (Conservation and Mathematical Transformations) o 4. Formal Operational Stage (age 12 +) - Concrete logical thought moves into ability for abstract, formal logic. (abstract problems and concepts). - Agents of socialization o People that affect our self-concept, attitudes, behaviors or other groups Primary : Parents, Peers, Schools Other agents : tech, media, religion, news - Gender and Emotional Socialization o Gender Socialization : Learning society’s “gender map” the paths in life set out for us because we are male or female. o Emotional Socialization: Socialization influences not only how we express our emotions but also what emotions we feel. Everyone experiences six basic emotions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise. - Mead’s theory on “language” and “role taking” o Mead suggested Role Taking
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Because we have language and can think, we carry on silent conversations We think something to ourselves and respond internally to it We talk to ourselves and answer ourselves o Pre-play Stage : Child learns to associate certain meanings to certain types of cries. first egoistic and reflexive, then begin to understand that we are social beings through interaction. o Play Stage : Increase in mental capacity that facilitates learning language.
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