PrisoninEuropeOverviewandtrends.pdf

Prisoners are afforded opportunities to engage in

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prisoners are afforded opportunities to engage in meaningful activities such as education, vocational training, organised physical exercise, recreational activities, and so on. As stipulated by law in all the monitored countries, sentenced prisoners should receive individual sentence plans, but the lack of non-custodial staff, work opportunities and vocational training programmes reduces the possibilities to implement such tailored rehabilitation programmes. After release, only in exceptional cases (Poland is a good example) are prisoners assisted by the prison administration in looking for suitable accommodations and a job. Programmes of restorative justice for adults are only implemented in the UK. Juvenile penitentiary system There is no overcrowding in the juvenile prison systems of the monitored countries, the prison density of their juvenile prisons being below 100%. Almost every country tries to follow the EPR provision to separate minors from adults, but several reports (in particular the French, Portuguese and Greek ones) indicate that in some cases this rule is disregarded. Other problems in the juvenile prison system pertain to the organization of educational courses and their accessibility (Italy and Portugal), and to
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European Prison Observatory Prison in Europe: overview and trends 58 prison facilities and prison regime features, which generally are not adapted to the needs of minors (Greece). Cases of abuse, intimidation and violence have been reported in some facilities in Portugal and the UK.
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European Prison Observatory Prison in Europe: overview and trends 59 Association for the Prevention of Torture (2002), Monitoring places of detention: a practical guide for NGO's , APT, Geneva. Bennett J., Crewe B., Wahidin A. (edited by) (2008), Understanding prison staff , Willan Publishing, Cullompton. Chauvenet A., Rostaing C., Orlic F. (2008), La violence carcerale en question , Puf. Combessie P. (2001), Sociologie de la prison , Edition La Découverte, Paris. Coyle A. (2009), A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management. Handbook for prison staff, International Centre for Prison Studies, London. Edney R. (1997), Prison officers and violence , in “Alternative law journal”, vol. 22, n. 6, December, pp. 289-297. Hayton P., Gatherer A., Fraser A. (2010), Patient or prisoner: does it matter which Government Ministry is responsible for the health of prisoners? ,Copenaghen. Kerr T., Wood E., Betteridge G., Lines R., Jurgens R. (2004) Harm reduction in prisons: a ‘righ ts based analysis’ , in “ Critical Public Health ”, Vol. 14, No. 4, 345 -360. Kickbusch I., Behrendt T. (2013), Implementing a Health 2020 vision: governance for health in the 21st century. Making it happen , World Health Organisation. Kimmet E., O’Donnell I. , Martin C. (2003), Prison violence. The dynamics of conflict, fear and power , Willan Publishing, Cullompton. Kitsuse J., Cicourel A.V. (1963), A note on the use of official statistics , in “ Social Problems , No. 11, 131- 139.
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