introduction_to_critical_criminology.doc

Mainstream criminology requires exposure as a

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‘Mainstream’ criminology requires exposure as a criminology of the state. The criminological agenda should be expanded to include those social harms ignored or underplayed in dominant discourse, such as gendered and racialised violence, poverty, war, crimes of the powerful, environmental crime, state sanctioned violence and crimes against humanity. Source: adapted from Muncie, J. (2004) Page 33 of 44 26th May 2017 http://www.open.edu/openlearn/people-politics-law/introduction-critical-criminology/content- section-0
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Introduction to critical criminology Conclusion Critical criminological perspectives all broadly refer to a strain of criminology that views crime as the product of social conflict; unequal power and social relations; and processes of labelling and meaning-making. As a result, critical criminologies have invited a radical reconfiguring of our focus from ‘criminal justice’ to ‘social justice’. Critical criminological approaches departed from the positivist origins of mainstream criminology that had focused primarily on the search for the causes of crime, rather than questioning the basic category of ‘crime’. These critical approaches began to focus instead on the processes by which the law is made, and by which, therefore, individuals and groups become criminalised. The emergence of critical criminology represented a stark shift in criminological thinking. In this course you have been introduced to a number of key ideas and clusters of theories that rejected concepts of individual and social pathology in preference to frameworks that examine crime and deviance through processes by which certain behaviours are defined, labelled and policed by the state (Scraton and Chadwick, 1991). Review Questions What is ‘critical’ about critical criminological perspectives? Page 34 of 44 26th May 2017 http://www.open.edu/openlearn/people-politics-law/introduction-critical-criminology/content- section-0
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Introduction to critical criminology In what ways does the ‘social construction of law’ help us to further understand crime and criminality? What biases and discriminations exist in the criminal justice system and why? Why is critique a ‘necessity’ in analyses of crime and justice? How does it promote human rights and social justice? Page 35 of 44 26th May 2017 http://www.open.edu/openlearn/people-politics-law/introduction-critical-criminology/content- section-0
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Introduction to critical criminology Keep on learning Study another free course There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to choose from on a range of subjects. Find out more about all our free courses . Take your studies further Find out more about studying with The Open University by visiting our online prospectus .
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