But were much worse during the colonial period

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but were much worse during the colonial periodColonial powers were all men with patriarchal viewClaim that colonial powers overlooked and removedfrom power female leaders in colonized societiesTried to change norms so they were more patriarchalOrganization in Belgian colonies tried to teach colonizedwomen how to be good wivesOur reading by Stevenson for next week considers this
Stevenson: Colonialism andGender in CanadaStevenson: First Nations woman scholar whoconsiders colonialism and patriarchy in CanadaProcolonialism: Indigenous women hadconsiderable economic autonomy and powerColonialism: Disempowered indigenous women in avariety of waysEnded polygamy and strengthened marriageIndian Act: Gave greater legal rights to menEnded matrilineage and institutions empowering womenSees missionaries as having played important role
ConclusionsUndeniable that power is commonly genderedResearchers like Paxton et al. document theseinequalities and try to explain it in democraciesYet patriarchy extends beyond politics andaffects all institutionsImportant debates about what causespatriarchy—Biology or sociology?Stevenson takes the sociological side, noting roleplayed by colonialism in spreading patriarchyQuestions or comments?
Lecture Outline: Colonialism & Patriarchy,Bureaucratic Organizations & DemocracyI.Colonialism and PatriarchyII.Organization and DemocracyIII.Michels: The Iron Law of Oligarchy
Gendering Social StructuresProliferation: Three major arguments for why patriarchyis widespreadIntensive Agriculture/PlowWar argumentColonialism argumentAll three emphasize how social changes promotedpatriarchy, but the colonialism argument is the sole thatdoesn’t necessarily depend on biological differences
Colonialism and PatriarchyWe commonly think of the UK, France, Spain, Holland,Portugal as world leaders in terms of gender equalityColonial argument claims that these countries wereVERY patriarchal during the colonial periodColonial powers were all men with patriarchal viewClaim that colonial powers overlooked and removedfemale leaders from power in colonized societiesTried to change norms so they were more patriarchalOrganization in Belgian colonies tried to teachcolonized women how to be good wivesOur reading by Stevenson considers this in Canada
Colonialism and Gender in CanadaStevenson: First Nations female scholar who considerscolonialism and patriarchy in CanadaPrecolonialism: Indigenous women had considerableeconomic autonomy and powerColonialism: Disempowered indigenous women in avariety of waysCreated negative discourse of Indigenous womenEnded polygamy and strengthened marriageIndian Act: Gave greater legal rights to menEnded matrilineage/institutions empowering womenSees missionaries as having played important rolePatriarchal and faced great resistance from women
Princess vs. Squaw DrudgeStevenson notes that Europeans didn’t know what to

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