Many of the professional officers on both sides were

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 8 pages.

Many of the professional officers on both sides were graduates of West Point and Annapolis, and thus had been trained in similar waysMost successful officers were those who were able to see beyond their academic training and envision a new kind of warfare in which destruction of resources was as important as battlefield tacticsB.The Role of Sea PowerUnion had an overwhelming advantage in naval power, and it gave its navy two important rolesoOne was enforcing a blockade of the Southern coast and the other was assisting the Union armies in field operationsThe Confederates made bold attempts to break the blockade with an ironclad warshipOn March 8, 1862, the Merrimac destroyed two of the ships and scattered the restThe Monitor put an end to the Virginia’s raids and preserved the blockadeSouth never managed to overcome the Union’s naval advantagesThe Union navy transported supplies and troops and joined in attacking Confederate strong pointsSouth could defend only with fixed land fortifications, which proved no matchC.Europe and the Disunited States
At the beginning of the war England and France were generally sympathetic to the Confederacy, for severalreasonsoEager to weaken the U.S., an increasingly powerful commercial rivaloSome admired aristocratic social order of the SouthAfter Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, these groups worked particularly avidly for the UnionSouthern leaders argued that access to Southern cotton was vital to the English and French textile industries, but “King Cotton diplomacy” was a failureIn the end, no European nation offered diplomatic recognition to the Confederacy or intervened in the warThe South never came close enough to victory to convince its potential allies to support itA serious crisis, the so-called Trent Affair, began in late 1861 - Confederate diplomats, James M. Mason and John Slidell, had slipped through the then ineffective Union blockade to Havana, Cuba, where they borded an English steamer, the Trent, for EnglandWilkes stopped the British vessel, arrested the diplomats, and carried them into triumph to BostonLincoln and Seward spun out the negotiations until American public opinion had cooled off, them released the diplomats with an indirect apologyD.The American West and the WarExcept for Texas the western states and territories remained officially loyal to the UnionThere was vicious fighting in Kansas and MissouriThe same pro-slavery and free-state forces continued to do so, with even more deadly resultsWilliam C. Quantrill: organized a band of guerilla fighters with which he terrorized areas around the Kansas-Missouri borderoWere an exceptionally murderous group, notorious for killing almost everyone in their pathoMost infamous act was a siege of Lawrence, Kansas, during which they slaughtered 150 civiliansEven without a major battle, the border of Kansas and Missouri were among the bloodiest and most terrorized places in the U.S. during the Civil WarIndian regiments fought for both the Union and Confederacy during the war, but the tribes themselves

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture