Measles 7 21 days Single stranded RNA virus with one serotype Classified as a

Measles 7 21 days single stranded rna virus with one

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Measles 7-21 days Single stranded RNA virus with one serotype. Classified as a member of the genus Morbillivirus in the Paramyoxoviridae family. Humans are the only natural hosts. Respiratory, direct contact with droplets, the virus can stay active in the air for up to 2 hours after a sneeze or a cough, in 2000 endemic measles was considered eliminated from the US meaning that there were no cases in the region in 12 months, but there are still periodic outbreaks because of worldwide travel HIV Infection Within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection, many, but not all, people develop flu-like symptoms, often described as “the worst flu HIV disease is caused by infection with HIV-1 or HIV-2, both of which cause very similar conditions. They differ Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne virus typically transmitted via sexual intercourse, shared intravenous drug
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ever.” Symptoms can include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches and pains, and headache. This is called “acute retroviral syndrome” (ARS) or “primary HIV infection,” and it’s the body’s natural response to the HIV infection. The median incubation period from HIV infection until development of AIDS is estimated at approximately 10 years for young adults. The estimate varies with the age at which infection occurs and is significantly shorter in infants and in older adults and varies even between infection at age 20 and infection at age 40. Whether the incubation period varies by mode of HIV acquisition has been more difficult to determine, but the preponderance of evidence now indicates that, after adjustment for age, the incubation period is similar in injecting drug users, those infected sexually, and hemophiliacs, whereas incubation time in transfusion recipients is shorter, probably because of the large HIV inoculum in infected blood transfusions. The incubation period does not appear to vary significantly in men and women or in different racial groups. in transmission and progression risks. in the Retroviridae family, Lentivirus genus. paraphernalia, and mother- to-child transmission (MTCT), which can occur during the birth process or during breastfeeding. HIV disease is caused by infection with HIV- 1 or HIV-2, which are retroviruses. b. Differentiate between clinical manifestations and pathophysiology of influenza, and measles and describe the clinical implications for your practice as a nurse practitioner.
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Viral Infection Clinical Manifestations Pathophysiology Clinical Implications Influenza fever, myalgia, headache, malaise, nonproductive cough, sore throat, and rhinitis, among children, otitis media, nausea, and vomiting also are commonly reported Influenza viruses are encapsulated, negative- sense, single-stranded RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae. The core nucleoproteins are used to distinguish the 3 types of influenza viruses: A, B, and C. Influenza A viruses cause most human and all avian influenza infections. The RNA core consists of 8 gene segments surrounded by a coat of 10 (influenza A) or 11 (influenza B) proteins.
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