An utilitarian would say you absolutely would have to

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An Utilitarian would say you absolutely would have to kill that person because it increases the overall pleasure and decreases the overall pain. However, a Rule Unitarian would say murder is wrong and unethical and you should not kill the person because it is against the rules even though it may increase the overall pleasure and decrease the overall pain. In the book Conduct and Character Brad Hooker lays out three objections to Act Utilitarianism. However, Hooker only finds one objection to be a sufficient argument against Act Utilitarianism. This argument is known as the demandingness objection 2.0. Hooker believes with this argument he has found a flaw in Act Utilitarianism and feels because of this well- developed objection Rule Utilitarianism is a more productive way to think and live your life. The demandingness objection 2.0 by Hooker states that a good Act Utilitarian would be demanded to give up most of his/her possessions in order to help the less fortunate. However you keep enough of your possessions in order to continue living and working but also continue giving to the less fortunate. Hooker believes Act Utilitarianism calls upon every person to do this because in the long run it will increase overall pleasure and decrease overall pain in the world. Hooker also states in order to fully appreciate the objection we need to keep in mind three things. The first thing we must keep in mind is the more money we have the less valuable it becomes. The value of material good begins to diminish. The second thing Hooker wants us to keep in mind is money goes much further in producing happiness in third world counties than it does in our own. For example, if you purchased lunch in America and it cost ten dollars your pleasure
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would increase, but it would only increase for that afternoon. If you instead took that ten dollars
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  • Spring '10
  • Ethics , act utilitarianism, Brad Hooker

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