Psychological theories focus on the many

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-psychological theories, focus on the many psychological influences on sexual behavior, including perception, learning, motivation, emotion, and personality - Psychoanalytical Theory, Freud (Viennese physician) developed theory of psychoanalysis – he said we are all born with biologically based sex drives – he coined the term “erogenous zones,” the idea that many parts of the body, not just the genitals, are responsive to sexual stimulation – he also came up with Oedipus Complex, the idea that kids have erotic feelings toward the opposite sex parent, and these urges lead to conflict with the same-sex parent - Behaviorists, Watson (1878-1958) and Skinner (1904-1990) emphasized the importance of rewards and punishments in the learning process – ex: if a child is punished for masturbating, then the stage is set for sexual problems in adulthood -sociological theories - focus on how cultural institutions and beliefs affect people’s sexual behavior and people’s sense of morality -ex. Margaret Mead in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) argued that gender role stereotypes (men are aggressive, strong, logical vs women are nurturing and emotional) are not genetic but rather are learned through socialization depending on the culture they are in. investigating sexuality 1. what is a case study, and what are its advantages and limitations? 2. what are advantages and limitations of surveys and interviews in studying sex? 3. Kinsey: refer to movie : ^ why is Kinsey often referred to as the most influential sex researcher of the 20 th Century? -changed the way people though about sexuality
what was Kinsey’s background? (i.e, what was his training, what was he famous for studying before he started studying human sexuality?) -PhD in biology at Harvard 1938, professor of zoology at IU what prompted Kinsey to begin studying human sexuality? -Was asked to coordinate a new course on Marriage and Family what was Kinsey’s methodology, and how/why did he train his interviewers? know that in 1947 Kinsey and his colleagues established the Kinsey Institute for Sex Research.

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