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Better include “bogus tasks” ? ? ? ? ? ? ,? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ,? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ?Step 3: Rate Task Statement Task analysis: the process of identifying the tasks for which employees need to be trained.Using two scales of frequency of occurrence and importanceStep 4: Determine Essential KSAOsA knowledgeis a body of information needed to perform a taskA skill is the proficiency to perform a learned taskAn abilityis a basic capacity for performing a wide range of different tasks, acquiring a knowledge, or developing a skill.Other characteristicsinclude such personal factors as personality, willingness, interest, and motivation and such tangible factors as licenses, degrees, and years of experienceKSAOs currently is also called competencies, in the old days, was called job specification.When competencies are tied to an organization’s strategic initiatives and plans rather than to specific tasks, the process is called competency modeling.Step 5: Selecting Tests to Tap KSAOsMethods include interview, work samples ability test, personality tests, reference checks, integrity test, biodata, and assessment centers. Using Other Job Analysis MethodMethods Providing General Information About Worker Activities Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ):a structured job analysis method
developed by McCormick.Advantages: inexpensive, little time to use, one of the most standardized job analysis, has acceptable levels of reliability, its results for a particular position can be compared through computer analysis with thousands of other position. Disadvantages: some people may don’t understand, has not proven very sensitiveJob Structure Profile (JSP): a revised version of the position analysis questionnaire designed to be used more by job analyst than by the job incumbent. Job Elements Inventory: a structured job analysis technique developed by Cornelius and Hakel that is similar to the position analysis questionnaire but easier to read.Functional Job Analysis a job analysis method developed by Fine that rates the extent to which a job incumbent is involved with functions in the categories of data, people, and things.Methods Providing Information About Tools and EquipmentJob Components Inventory:a structured job analysis technique that concentrates on worker requirements for performing job rather than on specific tasks. It is the only job analysis method containing a detailed section on tools and equipment.Methods Providing Information About the Work Environment AET:an ergonomic job analysis method developed in Germany. (ergonomic job analysis procedure)Methods Providing Information About CompetenciesOccupational Information Network(O*NET): the job analysis system used by the federal government that has replaced the Dictionary of Occupational Title (DOT).