Dictatorships share some of the advantages of absolute monarchies Dictatorships

Dictatorships share some of the advantages of

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_ Dictatorships share some of the advantages of absolute monarchies. _ Dictatorships face serious legitimacy problems _ Over time, pressure often builds to return the government to control by elected leaders _ For example, in February 2011, growing discontent led to a wave of protests in Libya, calling for an end to Gaddafi's rule. Months later, he was overthrown. _ With control of the military and police, the leader can put an end to political unrest and maintain peace and order Theocracy: Rule by the Few Religious Leader _ A theocracy is a government headed by religious leaders _ In ancient city-states, theocracies were common, with government officials serving as religious leaders as well _ It also ensured that political decisions were in line with the people’s moral values and beliefs. _ As states grew larger, however, enforcing religious unity became increasingly difficult _ Religious minorities were often marginalized or even persecuted _ Religious warfare broke out as groups with differing beliefs fought for control of their governments. _ By 2007, only two theocracies existed in the world: Vatican City and Iran _ Although located in the heart of Rome, Italy, it is an independent state headed by the Catholic pope _ Iran changed from a monarchy to a theocracy in 1979. _ The most influential body in Iran’s theocracy is the 12-person Council of Guardians Single-party State : Rule by the political Elite _ In a single-party state , the constitution allows only one political party to govern. _ Power is exercised by the leading members of the party, who form the nation’s political elite , or a small group of people within a larger group who have more power, wealth, or talent than the others __ The handful of single-party states today are mainly socialist republics, in which the Communist Party rules. ADVANTAGE _ a single-party system avoids much of the political wrangling that is common in multiparty states _ making it easier to pass laws and implement government policies. This party
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unity comes at a cost, however DISADVANTAGE _ The views of the party elite may be very different from the interests of the people as a whole, leading to social unrest _ In Vietnam, for example, the Communist Party is the only legal political party _ people with differing political views or solutions to problems are often completely shut out of the political process. Direct Democracies: Ruled by all Citizens (Everyone has a say in government) _ In the direct democracy of ancient Athens, several thousand citizens met regularly as an assembly to make decisions for their city-state _ Each citizen had an equal voice in public affairs, and decisions, once made, had widespread support. *-disadvantage- time consuming _ This form of direct democracy is known as the * referendum process _ Citizens may also propose laws and submit them directly to voters in what is known as the * initiative process. As much as the Swiss value their form of democracy, voter turnout is often low, because people tire of frequent elections.
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