Critical thinking is widely viewed as a key component

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Critical thinking is widely viewed as a key component of scientific thinking. What is critical thinking and what skills does in encompass? What are the six principles of scientific thinking emphasized in the textbook? Provide an example of how to apply each one. What is the correlation-causation fallacy? Can you provide an example? Ch. 13 Social Psychology People often seem to gravitate towards being a part of a group. What are some of the explanations for this tendency? What is Social Comparison Theory and how is it used to explain social behavior? Provide examples of social contagion. Under what circumstances is social contagion beneficial and under what circumstances might it be harmful? What is social facilitation? Can you provide an example of this? What is the opposite of social facilitation? What is an attribution? What are some of the different types of attributions that people make?
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Explain the fundamental attribution error in terms of our tendency to make dispositional or situational attributions about events. Provide an example. Solomon Ashe is well known for his studies of conformity. What was he trying to find out? What were his research methods? What was the main finding? How did his findings shed light on human social behavior? Here is a link to a video on classic experiments in social psychology. Watch this video to review the material in your textbook: This video discusses (1) the Milgram obedience study, (2) research by Darley & Latane on the Bystander Effect, and (3) Zimbardo's Stanford Prison study For each study, explain the purpose of the research and relate the research findings to contemporary societal issues. What did the researchers want to find out? What was their research question? (1) the Milgram obedience study Why do you think 66% test subjects in Milgram's study felt it was okay to go all the way during the shock therapy? What did Milgram have to say about authority and compliance? (2) research by Darley & Latane on the Bystander Effect Your textbook introduces a lot of terminology in discussing this research e.g., bystander nonintervention, diffusion of responsibility, social facilitation, social loafing, pluralistic ignorance. Come up with a situation where people have to engage in decision making about an ambiguous situation (e.g., whether to offer help or not). Use these terms to explain people’s behavior (for good or for bad). What factors may lead people to behave prosocially and exhibit altruism? For some recent acts of heroism: (3) Zimbardo's Stanford Prison study Why is it important to know about experiments like the Stanford Prison Study? What did Zimbardo mean by “power of the situation” in relation to human behavior?
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What is meant by term deindividuation and how does it explain the behavior of the people playing the roles of prisoners and guards in the Stanford Prison Study?
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