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The King had committed the ultimate offense he has violated the substantive rightsof the people of America he had violated humanity civility and Christianity, through his immoral laws. The King had inhibited the right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness, therefore the American people were completely in their right - and able to oppose such a government - under the groundings from Locke. Background to the Constitution July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed, this symbolized not only the beginning of the fight for independence from England, but also the struggle to unify the separate and often conflicting interests, regions and states of America. In the first 12 years of the United State’s existence 1776 - 87,the period from the American revolution to the Constitutional Convention, the rich and
10 the wellborn, the merchants, bankers, big landowners, exercised strong influence over political and economic life. In May 1787, it was just such wealthy and powerful “gentlemen” many linked by marriage or business dealings, who congregated in Philadelphia for the professed purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and strengthening the central government.The delegates at the Philadelphia Convention brought into being a nation that would become the most powerful in the world. The framers of the Constitution were going to create a republicangovernment or populargovernment that fostered the public/common good. . 1. The English political heritageThe framers were able to draw on the English political heritage - part of included the Magna Charta, which in the year 1215,English lords, traditionally required to finance the King's wars forced King John to sign the Magna Charta that declared that the power of the King was not absolute establishing the precedent of a limited government and monarchy. England developed a parliament independent of the King. A 2 house system was developed. In 1628the House of Commons presented a petition to King Charles Idemanding that no taxes should be levied without the consent of Parliament. Just over 12 years In 1640 Civil War broke out, and 1649 Charles was beheaded. This symbolized the idea of government being responsive to the peopleIn 1688 King James IIlost the throne because he promoted catholicismdespite the fact that the majority was protestant. The idea was there that government or King needed to be responsive to the needs of the people if it/he wanted to remain in power. The Framers also included the idea of natural rights expressed by English philosophers, notably John Locke, who wrote that people were"born free"and formed society to protect their rights. Many colonists felt that they were fighting a revolution to protect their natural rights from abusive colonial government. 2. From the American model of colonial and state governments -A. Colonial Experiences -During the 50 years as colonies, the states had learnt much about self government, and constitutionalism through all the various documents from Mayflower through to Virginia. After the revolution in reaction to