97 memorandum for donald rumsfeld secretary of

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97. Memorandum for Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, from William J. Haynes II, General Counsel, Department of Defense, ‘Re: Counter-Resistance Techniques (27 November 2002)’, in Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel (eds), The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 237. 98. Memorandum for Inspector General, Department of the Navy, from Alberto J. Mora, General Counsel of the Navy, ‘Subj: Statement for the Record: Office of General Counsel Involvement in Interrogation Issues’, 7 July 2004, pp. 3–4, available at: pdfs/moramemo.pdf (accessed 10 October 2012). 99. US Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General, A Review of the FBI’s Involvement , p. 146. 100. Mora, ‘Statement for the Record’, p. 14. 101. Mora, ‘Statement for the Record’, p. 6. 102. Mora, ‘Statement for the Record’, pp. 7–8. 103. Mora, ‘Statement for the Record’, pp. 4, 10. 104. Mora, ‘Statement for the Record’, pp. 14–5. 105. Memorandum for General Counsel of the Department of Defense, from Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, ‘Subject: Detainee Interrogations (15 January 2003)’, in Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel (eds), The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 238; Memorandum for Commander US Southcom, from Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, ‘Subject: Counter-Resistance Techniques (15 January 2003)’, in Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel (eds), The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 239. 106. Nowak, ‘What Practices Constitute Torture’, p. 814. 107. Memorandum for James T. Hill, Commander, US Southern Command, from Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, ‘Re: Counter-Resistance Techniques in the War on Terrorism (16 April 2003)’, in Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel (eds), The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 360–5. 108. Nowak, ‘What Practices Constitute Torture’, p. 814. 109. ‘Final Report of the Independent Panel to Review DoD Operations (“The Schlesinger Report”)’, August 2004, in Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel (eds), The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), p. 942. 110. Techniques included, attention grasp (‘grasping the individual with both hands, one hand on each side of the collar opening, in a controlled and quick motion. In the same motion as the grasp, the individual is drawn toward the interrogator’), walling (the detainee is pushed against a flexible false wall that creates a loud noise intended to produce a shock in the individual), facial hold, facial slap (insult slap), cramped confinement, wall standing, stress positions, sleep deprivation, insects placed in a confinement box to induce stress and the waterboard. See Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Inspector General, ‘Special Review: Counterterrorism Detention and Interrogation Activities (September 2001–October 2003) (2003-7123-IG)’, 2004, appendix C, available at: released/052708/052708_Special_Review.pdf (accessed 19 July 2012).

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