embolism occurs when a clot carried by the venous circulation crosses over or travels to the arterial side and vice-versa. The Role of Gender in DVT and CVI Research has not proven any direct link to DVT and gender but the use of oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy in women is known to cause hypercoagulability which is part of the triad (Huether & McCance, 2017). CVI occurs in women more than men and varicose is the main culprit of CVI in women and women tend to put on tight clothings also (Huether & McCance, 2017).
DISORDERS OF THE VEINS AND ARTERIES 4 Summary The pathophysiology of DVT and CVI has been discussed in the paper and the characteristics of venous and arterial thrombosis. The role of gender in CVI and DVT with regards to females being more susceptible to CVI than males was explained. Diagnosis and treatment of DVT and CVI were also presented in this paper. The next step will be to attach the mind maps of both DVT and CVI.
DISORDERS OF THE VEINS AND ARTERIES 5 Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) Clinical Presentation: Redness Swelling of legs Tenderness on calf or thigh Risk Factors: Damage to endothelial wall, immobility, congestive heart failure and surgeries Diagnosis: DVT can be diagnosed through physical examination, d-dimer and Ultra sonography Epidmiology: 1 per 100 Higher incidence in men than women 25% higher incidents in African Americans 5-6 per 100 adults annually by age 80 Treatment- Prevention Inferior Vena Cava Anticoagulants (Heparin and Warfarin) Early ambulation Thrombolytic therapy Pathophysiology: Injury to endothelial wall, Hypercoagulability the blood and faulty venous system Buildup of clots
DISORDERS OF THE VEINS AND ARTERIES 6 Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
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- Spring '15