It is ridiculous Socrates for you to think that it makes any difference whether

It is ridiculous socrates for you to think that it

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“It is ridiculous, Socrates, for you to think that it makes any difference whether the victim is a stranger or a relative . One should only watch whether the killer acted justly or not ; if he acted justly, let him go, but if not, one should prosecute ” (4b) Euthyphro operates under the idea that if someone acts unjustly, they must be prosecuted , whether that person is a stranger or a relative note: Athenian law states that the dead victims family can only prosecute the killer, so Euthyphro is technically going against Athenian law
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In the end, Euthyphro unsuccessful defends his reason for going to court and walks away proving that he does not have true knowledge of piety and impiety. Raises the question: Do you need to have clear knowledge of what you are doing in order to do it? Further, if you don’t know if something is just/ injust or pious/impious, can you act? Socrates’ message: If you aren’t certain about something, you should not act. If you aren’t certain about something do you just not do it? No, we ask ourselves two questions: 1. How sure are we that we don’t know and can we find a reason? 2. How bad would it be if we were wrong? What would happen? If is morally reprehensible? ”Don’t know, don’t act” not a good way to live, you would avoid doing A LOT of things Example: Coercion needs justification. If you don’t have justification, don’t do it. But, if you have justification, you can reach an agreement without coercion. Rachels: “Morality is Relative” Rachels argues that the theory of Cultural Relativism is flawed. Cultural Relativism: the theory that morality can not be defined by universal standards but instead is dependent on the practices and ethics of that society. Nothing is necessarily morally right or wrong, it is contingent on the society you live in “Morality differs in every society, and is a convenient term for socially approved habits” – Benedict 1934 Justification of CR: Cultural Differences Argument Specific Argument: 1. The Greeks believed that it was wrong to eat the dead, whereas the Callatians believed it was right to eat the dead 2. Therefore, eating the dead is neither objectively right or wrong, it is merely a matter of opinion which varies from culture to culture *Also: Eskimos and infantcide General Argument: 1. Different cultures have different moral codes 2. Therefore, there is no objective “truth” of morality and morality is a matter of opinion that varies from culture to culture. Rachels says that this argument does not make sense.
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Non-Sequitur: the argument is invalid and another premise is required. So even if the first premise is true, another premise is required for the conclusion to be true The premise (1) concerns what people believe . However, the conclusion concerns what really is the case o This is an ontological conclusion that does not follow from an epistemological premise Ontology: the study of reality Ontological conclusion: the real truth (the earth is round)
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