There are two types of SI units base units and derived units Base units are the

There are two types of si units base units and

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There are two types of SI units, base units and derived units. Base units are the simple measurements for time, length, mass, temperature, and amount of substance, electric current and light intensity. Derived units are constructed from the base units, for example, the watt , i.e. the unit for power, is defined from the base units as m 2 ·kg·s -3 . Other physical properties may be measured in compound units, such as material density, measured in kg/m 3 . 1.3.4 UNIT CONVERSION METRIC TO IMPERIAL The tables below give the unit conversions from metric to imperial system of measurements and vice versa for various parameters. Table 1.3a Length Unit Conversion from Metric to Imperial Metric US or Imperial 1 millimetre [mm] 0.03937 in 1 centimetre [cm] 10 mm 0.3937 in 1 metre [m] 100 cm 1.0936 yd 1 kilometre [km] 1000 m 0.6214 mile Table 1.3b length unit conversion from Imperial to Metric US or Imperial Metric
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6 1 inch [in] 2.54 cm 1 foot [ft] 12 in 0.3048 m 1 yard [yd] 3 ft 0.9144 m 1 mile 1760 yd 1.6093 km 1 int nautical mile 2025.4 yd 1.853 km Table 1.3c Area Unit Conversion from Metric to Imperial Metric US or Imperial 1 sq cm [cm 2 ] 100 mm 2 0.1550 in 2 1 sq m [m 2 ] 10,000 cm 2 1.1960 yd 2 1 hectare [ha] 10,000 m 2 2.4711 acres 1 sq km [km 2 ] 100 ha 0.3861 mile 2 Table 1.3d Area unit conversion from Imperial to metric US or Imperial Metric 1 sq inch [in 2 ] 6.4516 cm 2 1 sq foot [ft 2 ] 144 in 2 0.0929 m 2 1 sq yd [yd 2 ] 9 ft 2 0.8361 m 2 1 acre 4840 yd 2 4046.9 m 2
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7 1 sq mile [mile 2 ] 640 acres 2.59 km 2 Table 1.3e Volume/Capacity Unit Conversion from Metric to Imperial Metric US Measure Imperial 1 cu cm [cm 3 ] 0.0610 in 3 1 cu decimetre [dm 3 ] 1,000 cm 3 0.0353 ft 3 1 cu metre [m 3 ] 1,000 dm 3 1.3080 yd 3 1 litre [l] 1 dm 3 2.113 fluid pt 1.7598 pt Table 1.3f Volume/Capacity Unit Conversion from Imperial to Metric US Measure Imperial Metric 1 cu inch [in 3 ] 16.387 cm 3 1 cu foot [ft 3 ] 0.02832 m 3 1 fluid ounce 1.0408 UK fl oz 29.574 ml 1 pint (16 fl oz) 0.8327 UK pt 0.4732 liters 1 gallon (231 in 3 ) 0.8327 UK gal 3.7854 liters Table 1.3g Mass Unit Conversion from Metric to Imperial Metric US or Imperial 1 milligram [mg] 0.0154 grain
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8 1 gram [g] 1,000 mg 0.0353 oz 1 kilogram [kg] 1,000 g 2.2046 lb (Pounds) 1 tonne [t] 1,000 kg 1.1023 short ton 1 tonne [t] 1,000 kg 0.9842 long ton Table 1.3h unit conversion from Imperial to Metric US or Imperial Metric 1 ounce [oz] 437.5 grain 28.35 g 1 pound [lb] 16 oz 0.4536 kg 1 stone 14 lb 6.3503 kg 1 hundredweight [cwt] 112 lb 50.802 kg 1 short ton (US) 0.9072 t 1 long ton (UK) 1.0160 t HOW TO CONVERT IMPERIAL TO METRIC UNITS Conversion is simply a matter of multiplying by the right number. Follow these steps: 1. Find the right conversion number from the tables above 2. Multiply.
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9 3. If the answer is in the thousands or millions (or thousand th s or million th s), then drop the zeros and use the correct prefix The following examples will help: Example 1 What is 2,000 yards in Metric? 1. In Table 1.3b it shows that 1 yd = 0.9144 m (metres) 2. Multiply 2,000 x 0.9144 = 1,829 m 3. 1,829 m would be better expressed as 1.829 km (kilometres) Example 2 What is 50 cubic foot in Metric? 1. In the Table 1.3f it shows that 1 cu foot = 0.0283 m 3 (cubic metres) 2. Multiply 50 x 0.0283 = 1.415 m 3 3. Looks Good !
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