Wilsonian Liberalism American Democratic Control of Diplomacy Self

Wilsonian liberalism american democratic control of

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Wilsonian Liberalism (American) - Democratic Control of Diplomacy - Self –Determination for all nations - Free trade Concert of Europe (European) - Post-Napoleonic era, the vague consensus among the European monarchies favoring preservation of the territorial and political status quo. The former Ottoman lands were brought under the control of the League of Nations - Class A mandates – Arab provinces of the Middle East - Class B and C mandates – former German colonial possessions in central Africa, to be administered ‘a sacred trust for civilization’ until such time that they will be fit to govern themselves The national states inside and outside Europe would forget their differences in defense of the common class struggle ( Socialist Internationalism ) National Socialism in Germany overshadowed the League and undermined its civilizational claims: The League or Hitler would prevail. The Nazis challenged the idea of Universality, casting the doubt on the claim that the “international society or family of nations is as broad as civilization.” The League has Normeninflation , which is an undesirable expansion of international legal norms; but all of this was really a cloak for its sponsors’ territorial appetites and greed. The cloak was so called Spatial International Law or Regional Hegemony , a more honest expression of existing power relations. Nazis saw themselves as the DEFENDERS OF CIVILIZATION Civilization defined by : - Territory - History
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- Blood Race was the Nazis’ true universal: Lebensraum, or racialized purification of conquered territory First German Colonial Statute: the White and Civilized nations to only be exclusively civilized. Sir John Fischer Williams - the concept of “civilized society” as a community of nations or States distinct from the rest of the world no longer corresponds with the main facts of contemporary life. French Jurist - the family of nations is the totality of states (civilized and uncivilized) and other subjects of international public law. Prof. H.A. Smith, London University - In practice, we no longer insist that States shall conform to any common standards of justice, religious toleration and internal government. •Mark Mazower - be civilized, in the old liberal sense, was thus not necessarily to be modern; on the contrary, to embrace modernity might require abandoning some of the older assumptions of ‘civilized society. Salvador de Madariaga boldly asserted that ‘there exists a world community’, only to admit almost immediately that ‘we moderns have not only immediately guessed or felt the world community, but begun actually to assert, create and manifest it. Francis Sayre - The supreme question which we and all the world face today is whether or not we are to live henceforth in a world of law or a world of international anarchy.
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