Like health medicine and demography one of the

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Like health, medicine, and demography, one of the greatest strength of our departmentProfessors Hall, Roychowdhury, Rytina, Shor, Soehl, van den Berg study it and offer classes in itGlobal Inequality & DevelopmentI. Political Sociology: Conclusions II. Conceptualizations of DevelopmentIII.Theories of DevelopmentIV.Globalization and DevelopmentDemocracy Promoting Social MovementsEffect of Democracy: Democracy also lays the conditions that allow SMs to become an effective political strategySMs didn’t emerge until nascent democratizationLegitimizes Public Discussions: Elections require public discussion of major issues, social movements continue/expand such discussionsRight to Assemble: Right of assembly is necessary for campaigning; SMs depend on large assembliesFree Speech: Democracy promotes free speech; SMs benefit from free speechNumbers: Elections magnify and legitimize numeric strength; movements pursue the masses
Global InequalityWe’ve considered stratification and inequality alreadyFocused on inequality within countriesVast inequalities in CanadaBiggest inequalities are between countriesPer Capita GDP: Canada: $44,500, Congo: $300Life Expectancy: Canada: 81 years, Mozambique: 39Literacy Rate:Canada: 99%; Mali: 26%The Diversity of DevelopmentDevelopment: Discussions of global inequities are usually considered as dealing with “development”Important area of study within sociologyDiverse views of what development isOriginal View: Development as biological metaphorJust like an individual or species develops, it societies change from simple to complexFocus on capitalism, institutional differentiation, etcExample: Marx discussed stages of development: hunter-gatherer, slave, feudal, capitalist, socialistWestern Path: Focuses on the West as the most developed, suggests that the Rest will follow its pathPost-Development Theory Perspective: Development as DiscourseReactionary: Reaction to views of development that equate development with the WestOriginal view simply says Development=West=GoodThe rest of the world needs to be like the WestDiscourse: began with colonialism and presently strengthened by powerful global actors (i.e., the UN, the IMF, the US, etc.)Much of the world has bought into the West’s discourse, and they’re now trying (unsuccessfully) to be like the WestDevelopment as Potentially Harmful: destroys social structures and culture, causes dislocation and hardshipDevelopment as FreedomMultifaceted View: suggests that development involves improving the well-being of peoplesEconomy as well as health, education, democracy, law and order, freedom from discrimination, gender equality, etc.Amartya Sen: popularized‘development as freedom’
Involves expanding the capacities of individuals to pursue their well-beingsBelieves all types of freedom are complementaryPolitical freedom aids economic freedom, freedom from gender discrimination aids freedom to access public goodsTheories of Development

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