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b.Although it met all the requirements of becoming a state, House of Reps stymied the plans for its statehood when it proposed the Tallmadge Amendment, which provided that no more slaves be brought into Missouri and also provided for the gradual emancipation of children born to slave parents already in Missouri (this was shot down in the Senate). c.Angry Southerners saw this as a threat; if the Northerners could wipe out slavery in Missouri, they might try to do so in all of the rest of the slave states. d.Plus, the North was starting to get more prosperous and populous than the South. e.Finally, the deadlock was broken by a bundle of compromises known as the Missouri Compromise. i.Missouri would be admitted as a slave state while Maine would be admitted as a free state, thus maintaining the balance. ii.All new states north of 36°30’line would be free. iii.Both the North and South gained something, and though neither was totally happy, the compromise worked for many years. 20.Jackson and Indian Policy – (see above) 21.Immigration a.German
i.1 million Germans poured in between 1830s-1860s because crop of failures and revolution/war of 1848. ii.Liberals such as Carl Schurz contributed to the elevation of the U.S. political scene. iii.They had more money than the Irish, so they bought land in West, especially in Wisconsin. iv.Their votes were crucial, so they were wooed by U.S. politicians, yet they lacked potency because they were rather spread out. v.The Germans contributed to the U.S. culture (i.e. the Christmas tree) and isolationism. vi.They urged public education (started kindergarten) and freedom (they were enemies of slavery). vii.They faced resent from old Americans because the Germans grouped themselves together, were aloof, clung to their old ways and kept speaking the German language and religion, and brought beer to the U.S. b.Scotish – Not the answer (Nothing in Bailey/Degler During this time period) c.Irish i.The Irish potato famine in the mid-1840s led to the death of 2 million and saw many flee to the U.S. ii.“Black Forties”—they mainly came to cities like Boston and especially New York (biggest Irish city). iii.Were illiterate, discriminated against by older Americans, and received lowest-paying jobs (railroad-building). iv.They were hated by Protestants because they’re Catholic. v.Americans hated the Irish (such as “NINA”—No Irish Need Apply); the Irish hated competition with blacks for the low-paying jobs. vi.The Ancient Order of Hibernians was established to aid the Irish. vii.Gradual property ownership came about, and their children earned education. viii.The Irish were attracted to politics, and often filled police departments as officers. ix.The politicians tried to appeal to the Irish by yelling at London (“Twisting the Lion’s Tail”). x.Sometimes regarded lower then black slaves when they competed for Black jobs d.Italian - Not the answer (Nothing in Bailey/Degler During this time period) The Presidential Administrations of (SEE NAMES for more info) 1.Monroe a.Monroe Doctrine b.Not much else c.Events i.