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The search for a cure for AIDS continues. Learning more about the genetics of the smallnumber of HIVinfected individuals who remain healthy may lead to new therapies thatcan help others. Gene therapy, in which the immune system is reconstructed withgenetically altered resistant cells, is one potentially promising approach. Developmentof an effective and safe vaccine for HIV is the ultimate goal, but many biological andsocial challenges have to be overcome. Vaccines tested have failed to achieveexpectations. While some progress has been achieved, it will still be many years beforean HIV vaccine is licensed and widely available. Even with medical advances, individualpractice of safe sex would remain paramount to reducing transmission.
12/5/2016Slides and Notes for30/31Image: McGraw HillLiving with HIV or AIDSLecture NotesIf you are HIVpositive, in addition to dealing with psychological and social issues youneed to pay special attention to maintaining good health. If you are caring for someonewith HIV or AIDS, you also have special needs. Fortunately, people with HIV are livinglonger, healthier lives today, thanks to new and effective treatments. It is important tofind a physician who has experience working with HIV and AIDS and is sensitive to theissues confronted by individuals infected with HIV. In addition to appropriate medicaltreatment, factors that can help promote your continuing good health include goodnutrition, plenty of rest, exercise, limited (or no) alcohol use, stress reduction, andtaking ART. In addition, if you decide to have sexual contact with another person, itmeans practicing safer sex, even if your partner is also HIVpositive. Researcherscaution that one can become reinfected with different HIV strains. If you are living withHIV or AIDS, you may need many kinds of support: medical, emotional, psychological,and financial. Your doctor, your local health department and social servicesdepartments, local AIDS service organizations, and the Internet can help you find allkinds of help. Both current and past partners should be notified so that they can betested and receive counseling. In many states, HIVinfected people are required by lawto notify current and recent sexual and needlesharing partners. AIDS counselors andhealthcare practitioners currently encourage those with HIV to make all possible effortsto contact past and current partners.
12/5/2016Slides and Notes for31/31Final ThoughtsLecture NotesHIV/AIDS is a major health challenge domestically and internationally. It is transmittedprimarily through sexual contact and issues of ignorance, denial of risk, stigmatization,and discrimination, act as barriers to progress and controlling the epidemic. We do nothave to continue to die as a result of a disease that is totally preventable.