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GroupWare, how and when to use video or teleconferencing to successfully facilitate remotemeetings, how to lead virtual teams/projects, how to effectively communicate electronically,etc. These topics are important in order to minimize work interruptions due to technicalproblems, and to ensure electronic communication is clear and efficient.Remote programs will eventually expand to include more organizations within the privateand public sectors, as more examples of successful implementations are publicized andshared. While remote work does not necessarily present unique challenges which requirenew policies, current policies should be reviewed to optimize the success of this new workenvironment for employees, companies, government and citizens.5 The structures designed to support people within the workplaceWhile there is no absolute best option for an organizational structure, it does have a stronginfluence on your company's performance level. Implementing the best organizational
structure for your business and your industry leads to high performance. Selecting astructure that is incompatible with your goals, staff personalities or corporate culture oftencauses workplace problems and conflicts. Learning the basic structure types should leadyou to select the right option for your company.5.1 Human resources departmentAn efficiently run human resources department can provide your organization with structureand the ability to meet business needs through managing your company's most valuableresources -- its employees. There are several HR disciplines, or areas, but HR practitionersin each discipline may perform more than one of the more than six essential functions. Insmall businesses without a dedicated HR department, it's possible to achieve the same levelof efficiency and workforce management through outsourcing HR functions or joining aprofessional employer organization.RecruitmentThe success of recruiters and employment specialists generally is measured by the number of positions they fill and the time it takes to fill those positions. Recruiters who work in-house-as opposed to companies that provide recruiting and staffing services -- play a key role indeveloping the employer's workforce. They advertise job postings, source candidates,screen applicants, conduct preliminary interviews and coordinate hiring efforts withmanagers responsible for making the final selection of candidates.SafetyWorkplace safety is an important factor. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of1970, employers have an obligation to provide a safe working environment for employees.One of the main functions of HR is to support workplace safety training and maintainfederally mandated logs for workplace injury and fatality reporting. In addition, HR safety andrisk specialists often work closely with HR benefits specialists to manage the company'sworkers compensation issues.Employee RelationsIn a unionized work environment, the employee and labor relations functions of HR may be