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16.Emesis causesa.respiratory acidosis.b.respiratory alkalosis.c.metabolic acidosis.d.metabolic alkalosis.ANS: DEmesis causes metabolic alkalosis as the stomach is a major reservoir for acids. Emesis causes a metabolic acid-base imbalance as it is not related to the respiratory system. Emesis involves loss of gastric acid and fluid and causes an alkalotic disruption.REF:Pg. 54617.Diarrhea causesREF:Pg. 54318.The ________ system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.
REF:Pg. 544 | Pg. 54619.Uncompensated metabolic alkalosis would result inREF:Pg. 54620.Respiratory alkalosis is caused bya.hyperventilation.b.pneumonia.c.chest muscle weakness.d.pulmonary edema.ANS: AHyperventilation causes respiratory alkalosis due to loss of carbonic acid. Pneumonia, chest muscle weakness, and pulmonary edema cause carbonic acid to accumulate in the blood and result in respiratory acidosis.REF:Pg. 54621.If an individual has a fully compensated metabolic acidosis, the blood pH isREF:Pg. 544