environment, government, communication, health care, scientific research, education, etc. Moreover, it is common that ICT is synonymous with IT as ICT is an umbrella term for information technology (IT) and communication technology. Indeed, IT is -the field of engineering that involves computer and communication systems – hardware and software – used to create, acquire, process, store, retrieve, transmit, disseminate and protect information, as well as the knowledge and skills needed to use ICT securely, intelligently and appropriately in a variety of contexts. Information technology is defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) as ‗the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer– based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.‘ (Veneri, 1998) . Communication technology entails, on the other hand, the activity of designing, constructing and maintaining communication systems which are used to facilitate virtual communication between individuals or groups. ICT is increasingly recognized as the strongest change means humanity has to its disposal, and, at this time, must be mobilized and directed at promoting sustainable economic development. And as ICT becomes more sophisticated and more embedded in our social and organizational structures, we are in a better position than ever before to make sustainable development work (Alakeson 2003). In addition, considering the huge impact of ICT on the economy, it is certainly of strategic value to call to mind the urgency of strategizing ICT design with sustainability in mind.
The Role of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) In Environmental Sustainability DOI: 10.9790/2402-1302021318 14 | Page Environmental sustainability refers to the long-term preservation, protection, and management of valued environmental resources in an ever-changing human context. Intricately linked to the concept of enduring development, environmental sustainability also implies sustainable human, social and economic development. Issues of environmental sustainability are more urgent now than ever before as the world faces an extraordinary array of challenges ranging from air and water pollution, food insecurity, climate change, natural disasters, an upsurge of slums, inadequate sanitation, unprecedented loss of forests and biodiversity, fragmented leadership at the local, national, and international levels, conflicts and complex emergencies, and glaring disparities in human development across the globe. Therefore, tools and strategies that enable environmental sustainability have become critical to development. Information Communication Technologies (ICT) is such a tool. The last decade has seen the proliferation of ICT worldwide. Due to its ability to reduce interaction costs, expand markets, and make information flows more efficient, ICT has been credited with unprecedented global gains including GDP growth, global connectivity, information exchange, and capacity building.
- Spring '19
- environmental sustainability