Social Influencing Factors The opioid crisis is just one of many social issues (gun violence, child poverty, caloric consumption-obesity, and wealth inequality), that has put a social and economic burden on the health care system. According to Martinez (2018), the number of drug overdose deaths in 2016 in the United States was over 59,000. The crisis has impacted the quality of life of individuals, family members, and society. Per the American Nurses Association (ANA, 2018), nurses play a vital role in the country’s undertaking of the opioid crisis. School nurses (bachelors prepared) are the first responders in accidental student drug overdoses until the emergency management team arrives on college campuses and in high schools. The school nurse can provide education on the prevention of illicit/illegal drugs/opioid use to this vulnerable population. The bachelor's FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING EDUCATION 5
prepared nurse can also assist in developing and coordinating nursing interventions through research that can contribute to the mitigation of problematic opioid crisis. Economic Influencing Factors Federal (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid-CMS), Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCHAPS), and private insurance reimbursement have also impacted the change in healthcare services. More attention placed on patient health outcomes measures, which is achieved through patient education. The CMS assessed hospital excessive penalties for readmissions rates The economic value of the bachelor prepared nurse within the hospital has been associated with a decrease in the lengths of stay (LOS), readmission rates, and postoperative complications, for example deep vein thrombosis (DVT); all have a potential cost savings to the hospital, and better patient outcomes ( Kutney-Lee, Sloane, & Aiken, 2013). Therefore, Hartford Community College needs to take into account the economics that could influence the need for the BSN program. Need for BSN Program Per Vanhook et al., (2018), the need for baccalaureate-prepared nurses in the (U.S.) has increased with more individuals having access to health insurance and patients with more co- morbidities. Nurses are on the frontline in primary care and are underutilized in the health care arena. The bachelor's prepared nurse is vital to ensure patient safety and care for a more diverse population that they serve. The need for the BSN prepared nurses plays a pivotal role in the interprofessional team to manage and support the needs of the patients within primary care. The BSN also leads to advanced practice nursing roles, such as nurse researcher, educator, or executive. FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING EDUCATION 6
Bauer and Bodeheimer (2017) contend that as the shortage of primary care physicians in the U.S. continues, the increase of nurse practitioners (NP) and physician assistants (PA) will boost the primary care workforce, with the most significant health care occupation in the U.S. is the registered nurse with over U.S. with over 3.1 million in 2016. As baby boomers age the interest of chronic care management increases. Registered nurses can obtain training in chronic
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 30 pages?
- Fall '18
- Jane Doe