Hervey cleckley 1940 book the mask of sanity

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Hervey Cleckley : 1940 book The Mask of Sanity represented first scientist attempt to list and categorize behaviors of psychopathic personality Psychopathy - personality type characterized by a cluster of trains that constitutes the core of what is now called antisocial personality disorder Lack of remorse or shame for harmful acts, poor judgment and failure to learn from experience, extreme egocentricity and incapacity for love, lack of emotional responsiveness to others, impulsivity (fantastic and uninviting behaviors), absence of nervousness, and unreliability, untruthfulness and insincerity Semantic dementia - psychopath’s inability to react properly to expressions of emotionality Superficial charm and seeming intelligence Robert D. Hare: Psychopathy Checklist- Revised (PCL-R)- 2 factors: Core psychopathic personality traits: glibness and superficial charm, grandiose sense of self-worth, tendency toward pathological lying, lack of empathy for others and of remorse, and an unwillingness to accept responsibility for actions Antisocial lifestyle: impulsivity which can lead to behaviors expressed in an unstable lifestyle, juvenile delinquency, early behavioral problems, lack of realistic long-term goals and a need for constant stimulation Diagnostic criteria: pervasive disregard for rights of others; unlawful, deceitful and impulsive Adult antisocial behavior - illegal or immoral behavior (stealing, lying and cheating) Problems begin in childhood and continue throughout most of adulthood Study: assessed at 3 and 21; under-controlled young children (impulsive, restless and distractible) more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder and be involved in crime as adults Problems with impulse control are common among children with conduct disorder Predisposes young people to develop antisocial personality disorder The more frequent and diverse the childhood antisocial acts are, the more likely they are to have a lifelong pattern of antisocial behavior Criminal - meaning in legal system but not psychological concept
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Estimated within prison populations of those with this disorder range from 40-75% Crime statistics suggest a reduction of antisocial behavior with age Rates for violent crime drop from ~1,000/100,000 for those 35-39 to 93/100,000 for 60+ ~1% of prisoners, federal and sate, are over 65; 2% state and 6% federal prisoners are 55-64 Aging brings a reduction of Cluster B traits of acting out, impulsivity and extreme behaviors; maturation hypothesis (become better able to manage behaviors with age) Theories and treatments of antisocial personality disorders Biological perspective: Various brain abnormalities are cited as possible causes; defects in prefrontal lobes of cerebral cortex (planning future activities and considering moral implications of one’s actions) In tasks requiring interpreting affective stimuli, those with high psychopathy scores showed altered responsiveness in parts of the brain responsible for interpreting emotion
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  • Spring '08
  • Halgin
  • Abnormal Psychology, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder, Avoidant personality disorder

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