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C thesis however it is difficult to analyze the

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c. THESIS : However, it is difficult to analyze the extent to which Toomer’s intentions hold true and it cannot be assumed that his influences geared him to produce African American literature. The text of Cane hints a racial identity that is ambiguous and ultimately difficult to judge. 2. Body: a. CLAIM: The region in which Toomer lived had the greatest influence on his writing of Cane . a.i. Claim : Toomer’s brief experience in the South had a profound influence on him. a.i.1. Evidence : “The discovery of the physical characteristics of the region was only a part of Toomer’s total response…the artist was moved by the spirituals sung by the blacks in Georgia. He was touched…. by the folk- spirit” (Davis 251). a.ii. Claim: Toomer chooses to be black and that gave him freedom in defining his heritage.
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65 Jung a.ii.1. Evidence: “It was not something that he had to accept because he was trapped…by history or family or caste or race. It was something that he discovered, or, since the discovery was essentially a matter of consciousness, something that he made” (Davis 252). a.ii.2. Evidence: “…in his time perhaps only he was equipped to create his form of the South, preeminently a black South, one just as strongly projected as the old forms, but more beautiful in the description of the land, more complicated in revealing the tangled, half-articulated emotions of its people, and more deeply human” (Davis 252). a.ii.3. Evidence: “ As a black American in 1920 Toomer had available to him at least three forms of the South, none of which he accepted” a.iii. Claim : Rejecting the three different forms of the South allowed Toomer to create his own. His new, own image of the South helped him to appreciate it more. a.iii.1. Evidence: “The design of the South that inspired greatest conviction among intellectual blacks was that sketched by W.E.B. Du Bois in The Souls of Black Folk , The Crisis magazine, Darkwater , and elsewhere” (253). a.iii.2. Evidence: “The South that Toomer made succeeded in reversing nearly all of Du Bois’s conclusions, without echoing Dunbar’s pious sentiments or referring to the necessity for a pragmatic accommodation with whites in Southern communities” (253). a.iii.3. Evidence: “Toomer saw a beautiful land…a land in which fertility was finally stronger than terror, through moved by a threat of violence” (253). a.iv. Claim: “Song of the Son” embodies Toomer’s view of the South and sets the themes for the other pieces in Cane . a.iv.1. Evidence: “’Song of the Son’ describes a return to a scene from which the poet has been long separated…he is responding to ‘that parting soul’, the spirit in the land” (254-5). a.iv.2. Evidence: “Song of the Son” presents the consciousness that stands behind the varied verbal structures in Cane ” (255).
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