A_Midsummer_Nights_Dream_Text_book.pdf

Parody a parody is a literary work that imitates

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Parody. A parody is a literary work that imitates another work for humorous, often satirical, purposes. Plot. A plot is a series of events related to a central conflict , or struggle. A typical plot involves the introduction of a con- flict, its development, and its eventual resolution. Terms used to describe elements of plot include the following: • The exposition, or introduction, sets the tone or mood, introduces the characters and the setting, and provides necessary background information. • The inciting incident is the event that introduces the cen- tral conflict. • The rising action, or complication, develops the conflict to a high point of intensity. • The climax is the high point of interest or suspense in the plot. • The crisis, or turning point, often the same event as the climax, is the point in the plot where something decisive happens to determine the future course of events and the eventual working out of the conflict. • The falling action is all of the events that follow the climax. • The resolution is the point at which the central conflict is ended, or resolved.
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HANDBOOK OF LITERARY TERMS 94 • The dénouement is any material that follows the resolution and that ties up loose ends. • The catastrophe, in tragedy, is the event that marks the ultimate tragic fall of the central character. Often this event is the character’s death. Plots rarely contain all these elements in precisely this order. Elements of exposition may be introduced at any time in the course of a work. A work may begin with a catastrophe and then use flashback to explain it. The exposition, dénoue- ment, or even the resolution may be missing. The inciting incident may occur before the beginning of the action actu- ally described in the work. These are but a few of the many possible variations that plots can exhibit. Prose. Prose is the broad term used to describe all writing that is not drama or poetry, including fiction and nonfiction. Types of prose writing include novels, short stories, essays, and journalism. Most biographies, autobiographies, and let- ters are written in prose. Pun. A pun is a play on words, one that wittily exploits a double meaning. Satire. Satire is humorous writing or speech intended to point out errors, falsehoods, foibles, or failings. It is written for the purpose of reforming human behavior or human institutions. Scene. A scene is a short section of a literary work that pre- sents action that occurs in a single place or at a single time. Long divisions of dramas are often divided into scenes. Setting. The setting of a literary work is the time and place in which it occurs, together with all the details used to create a sense of a particular time and place. Writers create setting by various means. In fiction, setting is most often revealed by description of such elements as landscape, scenery, buildings, furniture, clothing, the weather, and the season. It can also be revealed by how characters talk and behave. In its widest sense, setting includes the general social, political, moral, and psychological conditions in which characters find themselves.
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