Thought law is a tool for promoting justice in

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Thought: law is a tool for promoting justice in society. Primary sources of law: Sources that establish the law. 1. US Constitution
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2. State constitution 3. Statutes 4. Regulations 5. Ordinances 6. Case Law Secondary sources of law: Books and articles that summarize & clarify (legal encyclopedias, compilations) Constitutional law: Law derived from the US Constitution and the constitution of the states Statutory law: Body of law enacted by legislative bodies (Congress or state) Ordinances: Statutes passed by municipal or county governing units not covered by state or federal law IE: County law Administrative law: Rules, regulations, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies Administrative agency: Federal, state, or local government agency established to perform a specific function Case law: Rules of law announced in court decisions Common law: Developed from custom or judicial decisions in English and US Courts that doesn't come from legislature Precedent: A decision that is set as an example for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts Stare Decisis:
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Let the decision stand What is important when remembering Stare Decisis? Decisions made by a higher court are binding on a lower court A court should not overturn its own precedents unless there is a strong reason Plantiff: One who initiates a lawsuit Defendant: One against whom a lawsuit is brought; the accused in a lawsuit Substantive law: Law that defines, describes, regulates, and creates legal rights and obligations Procedural law: Law that establishes the methods of enforcing the rights established by substantive law Civil law: Deals with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, as opposed to criminal matters Criminal law: Defines and governs actions that constitute crimes
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