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C1 pornography must necessarily effect evil mc people

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C1 = Pornography must necessarily effect evil. MC = People who spend millions of dollars to try to prove otherwise are malicious or misguided, or both.
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Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking, Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 P1 + P2 C1 MC This is clearly a biased argument. The words “evil,” “necessarily,” “fool,” “wallows,” “filth,” and “malicious” show that the author is not willing to seriously consider the views of many commentators who argue that pornography does not corrupt, either because it is a healthy extension of sexual desires and needs or because individuals can rise above it. The passage is particularly problematic because some key terms—“common sense,” “intuitive,” and “pornography”—are not defined. If “common sense” means “views common to everyone,” then it is not the case that common sense dictates that porno- graphy corrupts, for many people think otherwise. A better argument would also have to make clearer what is meant by pornography, for many would argue that we must distinguish between “hardcore” and “softcore” pornography—or “pornography” and “erotica.” Hardcore pornography is typically under- stood as pornography featuring violence as well as sex, and it is frequently argued that it raises concerns not raised by softcore pornography. b) [Victor P. Maiorana, in Critical Thinking across the Curriculum: Building the Analytical Classroom , 1992 Bloomington, IN: EDINFO Press] The purpose of critical thinking is, therefore, to achieve understanding, evaluate view points, and solve problems. Since all three areas involve the asking of questions, we can say that critical thinking is the questioning or inquiry we engage in when we seek to understand, evaluate, or resolve. P1 = The purpose of critical thinking is to achieve understanding, evaluate viewpoints, and solve problems. P2 = All three areas involve the asking of questions. C = Critical thinking is the questioning or inquiry we engage in when we seek to understand, evaluate, or resolve. P1 + P2 C Note here that the “therefore” of the first sentence makes sense only if we understand this as a conclusion from some previous reasoning that has not been provided. The argument we have clearly indicated by “since” provides us with a definition of “critical thinking’— the meaning of which is often debated. The argument assigns “critical thinking” to the genus of questioning, while restricting the range of questions involved in the differentia.
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Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking, Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 This way, the definition observes the rule of equivalence. The language here is unproblematic. g) [From Stuart Umpleby, www.asc-cyberneticcs.org/foundations/defs.htm, 1982;rev.
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C1 Pornography must necessarily effect evil MC People who...

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