● European weapons and European diseases transformed life on the Plains.led to smallpox epidemic and killed half of the Plains peoples. ● Lakota Sioux acquired guns and ammunition from French, Spanish, and American traders along the Missouri river. Buffalo helped them with a rich diet and hides and robes to sell ● Women fashioned tepees by skinning buffalo ● Trade increased social divisions. ● The Election of 1844 : ● Change the american government's policy towards the west places, Southern Leaders
supported the annexation of texas but cautious party politicians did not because they did not want slavery to expand. ● Oregon conventions were formed because the euros that wanted the land annexed above the latitude and longitude line of 54’ 40. ● Northerners demanding oregon, JOHN TYLER called for the annexation of Texas, he hoped to win the election of 1844 to become under as a democrat. ● John C. Calhoun, Tylers proslavery Secretary of State sent the senate a treaty to bring texas into the union. ● Martin Van Buren DEmocrat, and Henry CLay whig, opposed this view of John Tyler fearful of raising slavery they persuaded the senate to reject the treaty. ● SOuthern Democrats picked James K Polk bc they didnt trust John Tyler and didn't like Van Buren's Candidacy. ● Polk fully supports annexation. HE A SLAVE OWNER! ● He campaigned for the reoccupation of oregon and reannexation of Texas. ● “fIfTy FoUr FoRtY oR fIgHt” became his cry during his campaign. Known as a Young Hickory for being a protege for relating to ANdrew Jackson. ● The Whigs nominated Henry Clay, who advocated the American System of high tarrifs internal improvements and national bankings. HE supported annexation. Some northern whigs opposed admission of a new state so they refused to vote for clay. They instead Voted for James G Birney of the Liberty Party. He garnered 3 percent of the national vote but took enough votes to make Clay lose the presidency. ● Polk WINS the election and immediately, TEXAS is annexed via a joint resolution in February 1845, admitted into the country in December ● This would soon make the expansion of the south and its system of slavery the cenrtal topic of american politics. ● War, Expansion, and Slavery : ● Democrats like Polk ignored the fact that the annexation of new lands would lead to a war of conquest to expand slavery would unleash. ● The War With Mexico, 1846-1848 ● Mexico had not prospered since gaining independence in 1821. ● Mexico suspended Diplomatic relations with the United states after Texas became annexed by US. ● Mexico had a stagnant economy, a weak government, and modest tax revenues. ● Mexican officials vowed to preserve their national boundaries. ● Polks Expanisionist Program: ● Polk quickly tried to get Mexican territory. He hoped to get a revolution in California that would lead to the annexation.
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- Fall '16
- Compromise Of 1850, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, James K. Polk