{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Criminology Lecture Notes3

The principle part of the learning of criminal

Info icon This preview shows pages 3–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The principle part of the learning of criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups . Copresence – must be together in order to learn criminal behavior – must engage in face-to-face interaction . Watching movie doesn’t mean you are copresence . A lot is communicated just by people being with one another . When criminal behavior is learned, the learning includes: . Techniques of committing the crime, which are sometimes very complicated, sometimes very simple . Criminal must learn all the techniques of their crime trade – learned them through a process/period of apprenticeship . The Personal Thief (1937) – . Believed crime involved a set of skills, making up a professional activity . The specific direction of motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes . Linguistic constructs – things which are said, put into words – when an individual uses a linguistic construct, in his mind or actually in speaking, he defines the situation as one calling for a criminal act . Ex. The shoplifter may use a linguistic construct if she is in a store and sees that there are no clerks/customers around – absence of those people will make the shoplifter define the situation as one of a theft . Rationalization
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
. Person committing crime cannot control their behavior when they commit one of the crimes of impulse – criminal is being rational in that he/she uses a linguistic construct . Linguistic construct structures a criminal act – gives person an idea of how to commit crime and presents person with an objective . Kressy (?) says the offender is often rationally engaged . The specific direction of motives and drives is learned from definitions of the legal codes as favorable or unfavorable . What people learn, according to Sutherland, are attitudes about the law . People learn attitudes about the law – if they have unfavorable attitudes about the law, they will violate it . Laws too restricted in this country, so they break the law – . DEFINITIONS UNFAVORABLE TO THE LAW ( ex. Fuck the law) . Problem is that you have a wide diversity of groups – no consensus, so what appears to be disorganized is actually a very complex form of social organization . Differential social organization – different groups that have definitions unfavorable to the law . Competition/individualism – characteristic of the modern world . Make up our own minds – freedom to think for ourselves – use reason – modern world is ripe for allowing people to make up their own minds and develop their own definitions unfavorable to the law . People no longer feel constrained to what they think of the law . Horizontal mobility – lots of people moving around . If you move around a lot, more likely to encounter people unfavorable to the law . Ex. If you travel to a state that believes in legalization of marijuana, you will come back with unfavorable definition of law . A person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of law .
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern