Debs- ARU leader who was arrested and imprisoned because of a preemptive injunction that was filed against him. The strike violated the injunction. It proved to him that political and judicial leaders were merely tools for capital in its struggle against labor. Populist Party --Farmers- Most of the population that was hit hard by industrialization. Commercialization of agriculture put farmers in the hands of bankers, railroads, and various middle men. They were always dependent on the whims of weather and local markets, but now they staked their financial security on a national economic system subject to rapid price swings, rampant speculation, and limited regulation. --Omaha Platform- sought to counter the scale and power of monopolistic capitalism with a strong, engaged, and modern federal government., It advocated nationalizing the country’s railroad and telegraph system to ensure that essential services would be run in the best intertest of the people. Panic of 1893- the worst economic depression the country had seen up to then, the Populist movement won further credibility and gained even more ground. Colored Farmers Alliance- a segregated sister organization to the Southern Alliance, and had went as many as 250,000 members, fell prey to racial and class based hostility. Bryan- William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860-July 26,1925) he won national renown for his attack on the gold standards and his tireless promotion of free silver and policies for the benefit of the average American. “bimetallism”- by inflating the American currency, could alleviate farmer’s debts. Socialism --Marx- The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and range. The worker becomes an ever cheaper commodity the more commodities he creates. With the increasing value of the world of things proceeds in direct
proportion to the devaluation of the world of men. Labour produces not only commodities; it produces itself and the worker as a commodity -- and does so in the proportion in which it produces commodities generally. --Bourgeosie- those who owned the means of production such as factories and farms and the “proletariat”, factory workers and tenant farmers who worked only for the wealth of others. --Proletariat- factory workers and tenant farmers that worked only for the wealth of others --Keller? --SPA- Socialist party of America founded in 1901 carried on American third-party political tradition. Like the populist, socialist had tapped into a deep well of discontent and their energy and organizing filtered out into American culture and American politics.
Chapter 17 Identify the various ethnic/racial groups that populated the West. Describe the impact of European settlement and the federal government's efforts to expand westward.
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