personality_and_values_chapter

5 7 do va lu es differ across generations how so 5 8

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5-7 Do va lu es differ across generations? How so? 5-8 Wh at are Hofs tede 's five val ue dime nsions of national culture? EXPERIENTIAL EXERCISE What Organizational Culture Do You Prefer? Th e Or ga ni zaL io nal Cu l tur e Pr o fil e (OCP) ca n help assess whe th er an indi vid ual' s values ma Leh the o r ga niza ti on 's. 16 Th e OCP helps individu aJs on th e ir ch arac t er i st ic in te rm s of imp orta n ce, which indi c aLe s what a per so n value . 5-9. Wo rkin g on yo ur own, co mpleLe th e OCP foun d at wwwjsL or.o rg/ stable/ 256404. Y ou r in st ru ct or may ask y ou the fo ll owing qu es- t.i ons individually or as a gr ou p of th ree or four stu den ts (with a sp okes pe r so n ap po int ed to peak to th e cla 5s for each gro up ): 5-10. Wh at were yo ur m os t pr ef er red and l ea t pr efe rr ed va lu es? Do you think yo ur mo st pr e ferr ed and l eas t preferred va lu e are similar to th ose of o th er clas or group me mbers ? 5-11. Do you think th e re a rc generationa l diff e ren ce in the m os t pr efe rr ed a nd l eas t pr efe rr ed values? 5-12. R esea rch has sh own Lh at indi vi du al te nd to be hap- pier , a nd perfom1 be tt er, when th eir OCP va lu es match th o e of th e ir e mpl oyer. How imp orta nt do you think a "value mat ch" is when you' re d ec idin g where you want to wo rk ? ETHICAL DILEMMA Generational Values and "Staying Put" Thos e who ha ve been in the wor kforc e for many years of- ten l ame nt the ' job ho ppin g" tha t occ ur s with th ose who are more r ecent e nuan LS int o the wo rkf orce. Yo un ger in- dividu als tend to ee suc h an at titude as old-fas hi oned and may r ese nt the imp li ca tion tha t th ey have an e thi ca l ob li - ga tion LO re main wi th th e ir em ployer for lil e--or even a long tim e. Lif elo ng com mitm e nt to one e mp l oyer is a thin g of th e pas l. The Bu rea u of L abo r t aL i sLics repo rts th at toda y, on ly 28 p ercen t of wome n a nd 30 percen t o f men remain with th e ir e mpl oye r for 10 or m ore year', co mp are d LO 50 p ercen t for bo th genders in 1973. Co mp e n saL io n resear ch firm Pay ca le fo und that the ave rag e Mille nni al chan ges job s every 2 years.
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\\ ' hik 1hm e ofp1 -c ,iou s ~e11era Li o n s c ite Lhi . < L~ cvidencl' or job h oppi n g-. some or Lhi' lll O\ ' C' llle nl is e rnplo y cr -< l rin·n . Lir e Lim c job sec uriLy is lo ng gone for m os t pos itions. So arc bcncl it packag es Lh a1 keep em pl oyees s ecure, su ch as ro ck -s ol id pl'n si on s and perpetua l h ea l th be ndiL s. B 111 d ocs a ge n era ti o nal s hift in valu es a l so ex pl ain Lit e drop ? So me expen s s a~ · yes. T h ey arg ue that :Vli ll en11 ia ls em- pha size th l' pre se nt <Wer thl' f'tnun· and pl ac e a great value on lif'es1yk . Similarly, so me argue that , ra th er than c ar eer plan ning a nd promi ses Of J ong- t er m ca r ee r prn s pe (' lS, Mi ll en 11i a ls n eed n1 ore fee dba ck ; 111d rea ssu ra n ce. Acco rd - ing 10 Nt·il I ! owe, the ind ivi dua l cre di ted wi th co ining Lh c term 1 \l illl'll 11ial gmnalio 11 , Millennia ls ex p ec l " th e pcrf'cCL emp l oyer
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