When you have a nomenklatura system where party leaders make appointments at

When you have a nomenklatura system where party

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When you have a nomenklatura system where party leaders make appointments at the lower level (and by extension, all you need to get promoted is to make your direct superior happy) o This arrangement facilitates corruption and self-serving leadership o Leads to weakness in ability to implement laws (because the system is so decentralized, everyone is serving a different master) o Veto players at every link in the chain, resulting in inefficiency o Difficulty in monitoring local agents o Similar to the problem that was affecting China during the GLF - How does CCP rule China using such a system? o Major mechanisms of controlling local agents Cadre Evaluation System—list of indicators which evaluates performance through specific outcomes and sets incentives for local officials (GDP, investment, social stability, employment, fertility rate during the one-child policy) Problem is that lots of these indicators conflict with one another. If you really care about tax revenue, you have to protect employers, but that may lead to social instability on the part of the employees. - Conclusions o The political system is extremely complicated and opaque for ordinary citizens o The system is also changing—some sectors, like banking, have been centralized o The system is now Flexible Potentially powerful Very corrupt Tilted strongly toward maximizing economic growth Geared to having officials “look up” instead of “down” o There have been systemic and institutional changes since Mao—and additional systemic and institutional change is necessary to sustain dynamic economic growth and maintain overall political stability Lecture 16—Rule of Law, Rule by Law Rule by Man (Mao) o Ruler rules by his/her personal will Rule by law o Laws are tools by which the government rules; the legal system is a means to an end, not an end in and of itself. Party is still above the law, however. Rule of law o Fair and efficient legal system. Chinese Judiciary: An Overview o Hierarchy that follows the government structure Supreme People’s Court 1x
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Provincial Higher People’s Courts 32x o Municipal Intermediate People’s Courts 409x County’s Basic People’s Courts 3117x o Higher level courts only have professional relationship with the lower level courts o Each level of courts have a leadership relationship with the party committee & government of the level (which has nomenklatura, appointment power over the court at that level) Ie: County Party Committee and Government appoint, finance and evaluate the County’s Basic People’s Courts o Courts are separate from enforcement divisions, which means that the courts cannot enforce their decisions o There is also a special judicial committee consisting of the president, vice president (who are members of the Party Committee) and chief judges, which decide “sensitive” cases Clearly, the party is not afraid to interfere in cases that they care about o Court Party Committee: President, Vice Presidents
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  • Fall '11
  • NaraDillon
  • Government, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party of China, Chinese government

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