Divided up into a number of territorial districts o Plurality First past the

Divided up into a number of territorial districts o

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Divided up into a number of territorial districts o Plurality First past the post ---Electoral system in which the candidate with the most number of votes is elected, regardless of whether a majority has been attained. Countries United states United Kingdom India o Runoff— Electoral system in which the top candidates after a first round voting compete in one or more additional rounds of voting until a candidate receives a majority. Countries: France o strategic voting o Proportional Representation (PR) Closed list multi-member district
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o Electoral system in which distract constituencies have more than one representative. o The arraignments are less than a winner take all system because of the multi parties. Closed List Proportional o Vote for group only not candidate o First so many names take seats o Countries: Brazil Open list----divided into 2 then multi member district Electoral system in which voters choose a candidate but votes are aggregated by political party to determine the allocations of seats across parties. Open list proportional o People can vote for who they want o Countries: Germany ½ Russia Alternative vote o Voting system in which voters rank candidates and the votes of low-ranking candidates are reallocated until a winner is determined. Party systems: o Duverger’s Law: two party systems tend to emerge when elections are based on a simple plurality vote o Strategic vote. o Elite Coordinating o Candidates seeking a major party nomination. China: one party system o Communist party of China (CPC) Untied States: Two party System o Democratic Party o Republican Party United Kingdom: 2 ½ Party system o Labor Party o Liberal Party o UK Independence Party Germany: Multi-Party system o Christian Democratic union Party o Social democratic Party
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o Green Party o The Loft Presidentalism Parliamentary Fixed Rigidity of Presidential terms Flexible Outsider Presidents are likely to be outsiders Insider Winner take all Presidentalism allows a single party to lead the executive branch Power sharing Because of coalition A spurious relationship? North America, Latin America, Africa, Europe Germany: 1. Background a. Geographic and demographic features i. Located in the heart of Europe. ii. Few natural boundaries b. Population over 80 million c. Ethnicity over 90% German d. Religion: about 1/3 catholic, 1/3 protestant, and 1/3 other 2. Historical development a. Unification (1871) i. Conquesnecs: they tried to promote more germen nationalism b. The Weimar republic i. The Jemocratic constitution ii. Modeled after Britain’s parliamentary system iii. Proportional Representation c. The breakdown of democracy
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i. The treaty of Versailles ii. The democratic parties who had authored the constitution were blamed.
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  • Fall '13
  • Joseph Mancos

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