Dream to own slaves and racism o an oligarchy gov by

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dream to own slaves and racism) o An oligarchy: gov. by the wealthy few (plantation owners) Large slave holders control southern politics 1 - Southern plantation owners 2 - Small slave holders 3 - Yeoman farmers (majority) 4 - People of the pine barrens (no slaves and no land) Land is very expensive, competition is free labor (no immigration) Deep south states had a majority black population (SC & Mississippi) > African American Communities o 250,000 free African Americans in both North & South (many mixed in South so white fathers freed them, or they bought freedom o Competition w/ Irish immigrants over low skilled jobs o Many restrictions on daily life after Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) > Slavery o Chattel slavery: Slaves treated as property o Brought issue of separated families to Northerners’ attention with “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” o Forms of resistance Work slowdowns Negligence: Break equipment Run away: Underground Railroad Slave Revolts Stono Rebellion (1739): SC slaves runaway to Florida Denmark Vesey (1822): Massive revolt planned in SC, betrayed by informers and killed Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) : Killed 60 people o Harsher laws: “black codes: restricting movement of free blacks in the South > Growth of Abolitionist Movement o Quakers earliest opponents o American Colonization Society: Transport freed slaves back to Africa (Monrovia) a failed plan o David Walker : “Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World” (1829) called for violent uprising, banned throughout the South o American Anti-Slavery Society: William Lloyd Garrison called for immediate uncompensated emancipation
Published “The Liberator” (very unpopular in North & South) > Defense of Slavery o Gag Resolution in Congress (1836-1844): Ban on anti-slavery petitions being discussed in Congress Repealed by John Q Adams in 1844 o Bans on teaching slaves to read or write o Pro- slavery argument by George Fitzhugh: Slaves as family, better than “wage salary”, civilized interior people Chapter 17: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy > The Accession of “Tyler Too” o William Henry Harrison, the Whig president elected in 1840, suddenly died after only one month in office. o Harrison's campaign slogan had been "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too." Now, with Tippecanoe dead, it was Tyler's turn to be president John Tyler was not part of the Whig plan. Whig leaders Henry Clay and Daniel Webster had intended to control President Harrison. But, Tyler had a strong independent streak Didn’t share Whig beliefs; He'd been chosen as V.P. to "balance the ticket" by attracting elite Southerners. He leaned toward Jefferson/Jackson ideals, but disliked Jackson's my-way-or-highway style. So he went to the Whigs Whigs considered him a Democrat in Whig clothing. And in truth, his ideas did align much more with the Democrats than with the Whigs Attempts to annex Texas Defeated by Congress, don’t want any more slave states added to the Union > Election of 1844: James K Polk vs. Henry Clay o Polk wins and Texas annexed

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