their ears would be cut off. Interracial marriage was banded. o By 1750 all the American colonies had legalized slavery o In the north-worked on better things o In the south-worked in plantations o Slaves brought their skills with them not just labor o They taught the English how to grow rice, they brought fishing techniques and contribute to the culture in language and religion and music and food. Okra* o Gullah-spoken by slaves. Creole language. ° ° September 14 ° The Southern Colonies ° I. Carolina
Carolina early settlers were from Virginia. 8 Politician’s back in England became the proprietors of the Carolina colony (they owned the colony). In 1663, they got a charter from the king. They had large estates for themselves in Carolina and the head right system-a system that was invented to solve the labor problems in the colonies, those that paid for their transportation got land and those that didn’t pay their way to the new land were servants. The Anglican Church was the official church but the colonist could worship freely. Copernicus-believed the sun was the center of the universive, had a theory of gravitation. People started using math to understand the world and why it came to be. Earl of Shaftesbury o one of the eight proprietors, he will finance migrations from England to the colony of Carolina. Wanted a stable community and threw out the constitution Charles town (Charlestown)-founded in 1680, the capital 1690 o Feudal society-noblemen that make up the council (similar to England’s) Man could vote if he had land. John Locke-wrote constitution for Carolina, he was one of the philosophers of the enlightenment-when people started to sway away from the church. o Applied the ideas of the enlightenment to the society and the government. He argued kings and queens did not hold their positions because of god’s divine will and because of an accident of birth. o ***He said that everyone had natural rights. Such as the right to life, liberty, poverty. No government could deny that. *** Change in the Carolinas
o The colony of Carolina was way too big. The eight proprietors were very unpopular because landowners had to pay fees to them and they had to pay them in gold and silver. They also didn’t have to pay taxes. There was no representative government. The north was very different from the south part of Carolina. In the north, there were back foot farmers and small planters they relied on subsistent agriculture. There were no classes in the north and few slaves. In the south there were large plantation with tons of slaves. The colony was more urban because of Charlestown. It was more prosperous. Charlestown was used to trade goods. Settlers in the south of Carolina had strong ties with Barbados. Some of the first settlers were from there. After the death of Shaftesbury, the colonists rebelled. They expelled the 7 proprietors and elected their own governor.
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