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regurgitation. The nurse should know that in developing countries the most common cause of mitral valve regurgitation is what?58.Most individuals who have mitral valve prolapse never have any symptoms, although this is not the case for every patient. What symptoms might a patient have with mitral valve prolapse? Select all that apply.59.A cardiac surgery patient’s new onset of signs and symptoms is suggestive of cardiac tamponade. As a member of the interdisciplinary team, what is the nurse’s most appropriate action?60.The nurse is auscultating the breath sounds of a patient with pericarditis. What finding is most consistent with this diagnosis?
61.The nurse notes that a patient has developed a cough productive for mucoid sputum, is short of breath, has cyanotic hands, and has noisy, moist-sounding, rapid breathing. These symptoms and signs are suggestive of what health problem?62.The nurse is assessing an older adult patient with numerous health problems. What assessment datum indicates an increase in the patient’s risk for heart failure (HF)?63.The triage nurse in the ED is assessing a patient with chronic HF who has presented with worsening symptoms. In reviewing the patient’s medical history, what is a potential primary cause of the patient’s heart failure?64.Which assessment would be most appropriate for a patient who is receiving a loop diuretic for HF?65.The nurse is assessing a patient who is known to have right-sided HF. What assessment
finding is most consistent with this patient’s diagnosis?66.The nurse is caring for an adult patient with HF who is prescribed digoxin. When assessing the patient for adverse effects, the nurse should assess for which of the following signs and symptoms?67.A nurse in the CCU is caring for a patient with HF who has developed an intracardiac thrombus. This creates a high risk for what sequela?68.The nurse is caring for a 68-year-old patient the nurse suspects has digoxin toxicity. In addition to physical assessment, the nurse should collect what assessment datum?