' ifir . • INHN UNIT NIORt4CMSMINIROMMIENKV6IMM4.745galetN Early Modern Times Chapter 14 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300-1600) Between the 1300s and 1500s, Europe experi-enced a period of cultural rebirth known as the Renaissance. During the same period, the Protes-tant Reformation and the Scientific Revolution reshaped European civilization. Newton, and Galileo changed the way Euro-peans viewed the physical world. Chapter 15 The First Global Age: Europe and Asia (1415-1796) Beginning in the 1500s, European powers gradu-ally built trading empires in Asia. Thus began a period of increasing global interdependence that has continued to the present day. •Beginning in Italy and later spreading to northern Europe, the Renaissance reached its most glorious expression in painting, sculp-ture, and architecture. •The intellectual movement known as human-ism stressed the study of classical Greek and Roman cultures and the development of the individual. •Reformers like Martin Luther and John Calvin challenged Church corruption and eventually broke away from the Church entirely. •In response to the Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Church undertook its own vigorous reform movement. •Religious fervor led to widespread intolerance and persecution by both Protestants and Catholics. •During the Scientific Revolution, startling dis-coveries by individuals such as Copernicus, •Improvements in technology helped European explorers navigate the vast oceans of the world. •In his search for a sea route to Asia, Christo-pher Columbus came upon the Americas, two continents previously unknown to Europeans.