In the music of both haydn and mozart well also

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Lesson Objectives:Upon completion of Lesson 8, students will be able to:discuss the contributions that Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart made toward music during the Classical Era.identify the instruments used in a string quartetidentify the phrase structure and form used in Haydn’s “Emperor’s Hymn”recognize the thematic content, phrase structure, chord progressions, and harmony used in Mozart’s Piano Sonata in D major
identify the instruments used in a woodwind quintetrecognize the forms used in Haydn’s Divertimento in B-flat majorrecognize theme and variation, rounded binary form, and sonata-allegro form in a Classical piececompare and contrast rounded binary form and sonata allegro formrecognize an Augmented sixth chord as a characteristic chromatic predominant harmonyJoseph HaydnJoseph Haydn 1Joseph Haydn (1 732-1 809) was the earliest of the great triumvirate of “Viennese Classicists” (Mozart and Beethoven beingthe other two). More than anyone else, Haydn created the mature Classical style. His impressive output includes 104 symphonies, nearly 70 string quartets, 52 piano sonatas, and two
monumental oratorios.Haydn’s musical talent was identified early. As a boy, he sang in the choir at St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna, while also learning to play harpsichord and violin. In his late teens, though–after his voice broke–he was summarily dismissed from the choir. During the years that followed, Haydn struggled to make a living as a musician, while seeking instruction in the art of composition.By 1 760, Haydn had established himself well enough to secure an appointment as vice-Kapellmeister at the court of Esterhazy. Six years later he assumed the role of Kapellmeister. For the next quarter century, Haydn spent much of his time in the company of Prince Nikolaus–whether at the Esterhazy court in Eisenstadt or at the prince’s grand country estate–composing for the prince’s orchestra, as well as for smaller chamber groups, which included the prince himself, since the prince was not only an ardent lover of music, but a musician, as well.During this same time, Haydn’s international reputation grew steadily. When Prince Nikolaus died in 1 790, his son, Prince Anton, released Haydn from his official duties, while keeping him on nominally as Kapellmeister. The arrangement allowed Haydn greater latitude. He moved to Vienna, and not long afterward madethe first of two highly successful journeys to London, which extended over a period of years.Haydn was received in England with great acclaim. His last twelve symphonies–the “London Symphonies“–are the greatest and best known of his 104 symphonies, composed for the London audience.1

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