DSST Criminal Justice

Advocates of the death penalty argue this is the

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Advocates of the death penalty argue this is the criminal systems greatest deterrent f. Critics argue its arbitrary in nature, no rational basis f.i. innocent may be executed , more than 100 inmates have been freed from death row since 1976 g. Only 4 women have been executed since 1976 44. Life Certain – a life sentence with no hope of parole a. Alternative to the death penalty 45. Furman vs Georgia in 1972 – Supreme Court banned capital punishment as it was currently and required states to ensure that legislation met the Courts specific requirements , between 1972-1977 no executions were made 46. Greg vs Georgia in 1976 – the model upheld that most states attempted to create for Capital Punishment legislation, a. Written in such a way not to violate the 8 th Amendment “cruel and unusual punishment” …know the difference between 46. & 45. 47. Atkins vs Virginia in 2002 , court ruled that executing anyone diagnosed as mentally retarded violated the cruel and unusual punishment …. know this 48. In 1976 Gregg v Georgia, Profitt vs Florida and Jurek vs Texas – Supreme court approved new death sentencing systems 49. Convicted Offender – once an offender has gone through the entire criminal justice system including all appeals and their sentence is upheld they are officially a convicted offender a. As a convicted offender they lose several of their civil rights and liberties 50. Black Muslim Decision – the court of appeals held that inmates were entitled to follow the prescribed practices of any recognized religion a. It remains controversial whether the state can allow “free exercise” due to security issues 51. Jailhouse Lawyer – another inmate who has learned something about the law and used his or her skills to assist other inmates to file suits a. Johnson vs Avery in 1969 – states not providing adequate legal assistance were not allowed to prohibit jailhouse lawyers who researched appeals from within the prison…. know this 52. Ombudsman – an impartial official, independent of correctional administration, who is empowered to investigate files, inmate records, and staff a. Alternative to litigation b. Allows inmates to file grievances 53. Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction- the loss of certain rights upon conviction a. Right to vote’ b. The hold offices of private and public trust c. To assist in parenting d. To be on jury duty e. To own firearms f. To remain married g. To have privacy 54. Megan’s Law – a community notification law that requires registration of any predatory sex offenders who move into the area a. Name after a girl was slain by a paroled sex offender in 1994 55. Expungement Statues – some states erase the history of the criminal conviction and completely restore the ex-offenders rights a. Varies from State to State, most require a period of good behavior b. Some states do not restore any or all rights 56. Female Inmates – most are identified as non-violent, low risk offenders a. Only a few inmates actually need to be incarcerated
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Advocates of the death penalty argue this is the criminal...

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