Shock parole designed as a deterrent punishment

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Shock Parole – designed as a deterrent punishment, providing early parole for first time offenders, a. Intended to give offenders a taste of prison in hope that it will deter them from future offenses 42. Determinate Sentencing – “just deserts” model of sentencing a. Increased pressure to make prisoners serve their full term 43. Capital Punishment – means death for the guilty person, execution …. know this a. Most severe punishment in the US criminal justice system b. Meant for heinous crimes, treason, murder and rape c. Are about 60 crimes where the death penalty can be used c.i. Most controversial subject in criminal justice system d. By 2004, Lethal injection is the preferred method of execution, in all states except Nebraska, followed by electrocution
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e. Advocates of the death penalty argue this is the criminal systems greatest deterrent f. Critics argue its arbitrary in nature, no rational basis f.i. innocent may be executed , more than 100 inmates have been freed from death row since 1976 g. Only 4 women have been executed since 1976 44. Life Certain – a life sentence with no hope of parole a. Alternative to the death penalty 45. Furman vs Georgia in 1972 – Supreme Court banned capital punishment as it was currently and required states to ensure that legislation met the Courts specific requirements , between 1972-1977 no executions were made 46. Greg vs Georgia in 1976 – the model upheld that most states attempted to create for Capital Punishment legislation, a. Written in such a way not to violate the 8 th Amendment “cruel and unusual punishment” …know the difference between 46. & 45. 47. Atkins vs Virginia in 2002 , court ruled that executing anyone diagnosed as mentally retarded violated the cruel and unusual punishment …. know this 48. In 1976 Gregg v Georgia, Profitt vs Florida and Jurek vs Texas – Supreme court approved new death sentencing systems 49. Convicted Offender – once an offender has gone through the entire criminal justice system including all appeals and their sentence is upheld they are officially a convicted offender a. As a convicted offender they lose several of their civil rights and liberties 50. Black Muslim Decision – the court of appeals held that inmates were entitled to follow the prescribed practices of any recognized religion a. It remains controversial whether the state can allow “free exercise” due to security issues 51. Jailhouse Lawyer – another inmate who has learned something about the law and used his or her skills to assist other inmates to file suits a. Johnson vs Avery in 1969 – states not providing adequate legal assistance were not allowed to prohibit jailhouse lawyers who researched appeals from within the prison…. know this 52. Ombudsman – an impartial official, independent of correctional administration, who is empowered to investigate files, inmate records, and staff a.
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