side of the conflict are his loved ones and he cannot fight them even though he is a warrier in pursuit of a just war -He cannot go forward – the despondency of arjuna Title: “Song of God”Narrative framework: the despondency of Arjuna, the teaching of Krishna (an avatar of Vishnu)-Arjuna the great archer is going to war when he realizes many of the poepl on the other side of the conflict are his loved ones and he cannot fight them even though he is a warrier in pursuit of a just war -He cannot go forward – the despondency of arjuna -Aside: text is (largely) in dialogue form between arjuna and Krishna -Krishna is an avatar of Vishnu and is understood to be a divine being – he is chariatier of a divine loving god -Arjuna cannot fight so he asked for krishnas teaching *View of life/ death is largely shared with that seen in the Upanishads-Similar to upanishads “O Arjuna, how can a person who knows that the Atman is indestructible, eternal, unborn, and imperishable, kill anyone or cause anyone to be killed? Just as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones, similarly Atman acquires new bodies after casting away the old
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bodies. … The Atman is said to be unmanifest, unthinkable, and unchanging. Knowing this Atman as such you should not grieve. If you think that this (body) takes birth and dies perpetually, even then, O Arjuna, you should not grieve like this. Because, death is certain for theone who is born, and birth is certain for the one who dies. Therefore, you should not lament over the inevitable.-Krishna tries to convince arjuna to continue in the fight -Tries to highlight duty darhma that hes a warrior -And doctrine of reincarnation and he should not grieve- death is certain for one who is born and birth is certain for those who die- so even if he fights they are not lost -His grief made him throw down his bow-“Considering also your duty as a warrior you should not waver. Because there is nothing more auspicious for a warrior than a righteous war. Only the fortunate warriors, O Arjuna, get such an opportunity for an unsought war that is like an open door to heaven. If you will not fight this righteous war, then you will fail in your duty, lose your reputation, and incur sin. People will talk about your disgrace forever. … You will go to heaven if killed, or you will enjoy the earth if victorious. Therefore, get up with a determination to fight, O Arjuna. Treating pleasure and pain, gain and loss, victory and defeat alike, engage yourself in your duty. By doingyour duty this way you will not incur sin” (BG 2:21-22, 25-27, 31-34, 37-38).-New idea of karma- its not just doing ritual and it doesn’t just have affects in this life- karma extends to living out duty and duty depends on aspects of your life (caste, age, gender) -Correctly living out the duty is karma and determines your next birth -Sin is not heaven or hell eternally its sin determining if you have a bad rebirth -Occur sin by not living out darhma Death in the Bhagavad Gita*Three Paths to Liberation
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