ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

If machine operators can broaden their competencies

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Unformatted text preview: If machine operators can broaden their competencies to include additional skills like material accounting, equipment maintenance, or quality inspection, they can earn up to 10 percent more. Skill-based pay encourages employees to acquire a broader range of skills, therefore making it easier for management to fill staffing needs. Skill-based plans are consistent with several motivation theories such as the ERG theory. Flexible benefits allow employees to pick and choose from among a menu of benefit options. The idea of this program is to allow each employee to choose a benefit package that is individually tailored to his or her own needs and situation. It replaces the traditional “one-benefit-plan-fits-all” programs that have dominated organizations for more than 50 years. The average organization provides fringe benefits worth approximately 40 percent of an employees salary, but traditional benefit programs were designed for the typical employee of the 1950s—a male with a wife and two children. Flexible benefit plans help to meet the diverse needs of today’s modern employee. Comparable worth is a doctrine that holds jobs equal in value to an organization should be equally compensated, whether or not the work content of those jobs is similar. For example, if the positions of secretary and draftsman require similar skills and make comparable demands on employees, they should pay the same, regardless of external market factors. Specifically, comparable worth argues that jobs should be evaluated and scored on four criteria: skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. Stress is a dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint, or demand related to what he or she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both uncertain and important. Stress isn’t necessarily bad in and of itself. While stress is typically viewed in a negative context, it also has positive value. Many individuals use stress positively to rise to the occasion and perform at or near their maximum. Two conditions are necessary for potential stress to become actual stress. There must be uncertainty over the outcome and the outcome must be important. Just as environmental uncertainty influences the design of an organization’s structure, it also influences stress levels among employees in that organization. Changes in the business cycle create economic uncertainties, which can lead to stress. When the economy is contracting, people become increasingly anxious about their security. Minor recessions also increase stress levels. Downward swings in the economy are often accompanied by permanent reductions in the work force, temporary layoffs, reduced pay, shorter work weeks, etc....
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If machine operators can broaden their competencies to...

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