Colour added to butter ball turkey - In Canada: 10 synthetic colors (8+2) and 25 natural colors NATURAL DYES What is the most widely used food colour used in NA? caramel - Used to color all cola drinks - Controversy: part of the process 4-methylimidazole is thought to be a carcinogen so in Cali the proposition 65 would put an alert but to avoid people from getting scared they makers use a different technology so that it is not produced Video 2 Beta-Carotene and Canthaxantin : another food coloring (orange) - Both are fat soluble - Canthaxanthin used as artificial tanning agent so when you take these pills it will deposit in fatty tissues under the skin so that the skin could be orange o The tanning pills had 30mg/pill of canthaxanthin (take 4 a day) or in food 5.5mg so the pills are worse o Not allowed as a tanning agent in Canada because it would create problems in the retina Butter: yellow by adjusting the feed of the cows - Colour is added during season only because during the summer they feed outside (grass) and get a sufficient amount of beta carotene - In the winter, they are fed hay so they have colourless butter - So the feed given to cows is rich in beta carotene which is transferred to the butter so its “naturally” colored Chicken: feed them foods rich in beta carotene so you can get rich yellow colored egg yolk Video 3 Cochineal red - Used in strawberry extract, strawberry or cherry icecream, salami… - Comes form crushed insect dactylopius coccus (live on cactii)– only females produce it 28
o Females are wingless(only them have the color gene in their eggs) and males have wings - No danger - Could be an issue that are vegans or people who eat insects - Video 4: experiment with the cochineal red dye Video 5 SYNTHETIC DYES - Some are restricted and ban in US and Canada - Also referred to as coal tar dyes because they were extracted from coal tare o Very strong colors - The term for synthetic colors is called certified: meaning that its manufacturing process has been checked and it has been certified that it will give what it is supposed to Citrus Red #2 - Restricted: it can be used but in certain conditions - Was used to color the skin of oranges (and a stamp was put) because some oranges were green because of the high chlorophyll content Video 6 1973- Dr. Feingoild said food dyes were associated with hyperactivity in children - Studies went back and forth - 2007 : showed it was a concern and 2011: says its not - kids were put on a Feingoild child (diet with no food dyes ) but more attention was ppaid to these kids that’s why they felt better You should avoid them : why? Because you find synthetic dyes in foods with poor nutritional
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